Fortunately, amblyopia in childhood is reversible, and as long as it can be detected and treated early, it is completely possible to cure it. Of course, if not diagnosed early, the difficulty of treating amblyopia will increase with age. It is generally believed that after the age of 12-16, amblyopia is almost difficult to correct, and even becomes a lifelong disability.
Here are three ways to teach parents to detect amblyopia babies early:
1. Visual acuity chart examination method
Most children, especially those in kindergarten, can read a visual acuity chart after simple visual education by the age of 3. Parents can purchase a standard visual acuity chart and hang it on a well lit wall at home, allowing the child to recognize it at a distance of 5 meters. It is best not to be under 4 years old when using this method for examination.
Kind reminder: During the examination, it is necessary to cover the eyes separately and not allow the child to see both eyes at the same time to prevent missed detection of monocular amblyopia. After several careful examinations, if one eye vision is found to be below 0.8, the child needs to be taken to the hospital for further diagnosis.
2. Find abnormal behavior
Parents can also use some simple methods to find signs of amblyopia in their children, specifically:
·Place eye-catching items in front of the child and observe if they can be detected in a timely manner.
·Observe the child’s binocular and monocular gaze, and pay attention to whether they like to get close when watching TV.
·Observe if the child has any abnormal head position when looking at things, such as whether they like to look up or down.
·Observe whether children can steadily gaze at objects. If a child’s eyes move back and forth or tremble, there is a possibility of amblyopia.
·Children often fall when walking, often unable to reach things, or their amblyopia may affect their sense of distance in grasping objects.
3. Covering test method
For children who are unwilling to cooperate in visual examination, a cover test can be used to roughly understand the binocular vision situation. The specific methods are:
Intentionally covering one eye to allow the child to focus on an object with one eye. If the child appears very quiet while covering the other eye but grabs the cover, it indicates that the uncovered eye has poor vision and should be checked at the hospital as soon as possible.