When a child takes the first step in his life, his parents will be extremely excited and proud. But gradually, you may find that the child’s walking posture is not quite right, and worries arise spontaneously. Baby walking posture is not correct, may affect the baby’s development and health, parents to master a certain amount of popular science knowledge, pay attention to observe the child’s gait changes, timely detection of problems, timely correction of treatment.
1, inside and outside eight characters
When walking, there is an angle between the long axis of the foot and the direction in which the foot moves, called the forward angle of the foot, which is usually slightly circumflex and is about 5 to 10 degrees. Less than this range is called “inner eight characters”, which is greater than this range. If the baby walks with “eight character” feet, it is actually the rotatory deformity of the lower limbs of the baby.
Hazards: affecting blood circulation in the brain
Performance: In fact, the tibia of each newborn is extremely circumflex at birth, but as it matures, the tibia gradually rotates outward. So if you find that your baby walks with the “eight characters,” do not need to be too nervous, because the vast majority of such deformities are normal mutations, will gradually disappear. But if the baby is about 8 years old and still the same, or even more serious, it needs to go to the hospital for medical examination.
Tips: go to the hospital for examination. Physical examination of the rotational deformity to conduct a comprehensive assessment of whether there are other diseases (such as spastic paralysis, hip dysplasia, femoral head epiphyseal slippage, etc.), after 8 years of age, the baby’s “eight-character” foot caused by functional disorders or significantly affect the aesthetic, it needs to consider surgical correction. Correct the baby’s bad walking posture. Some children “inside the eight characters” because of the round legs, parents can let him lie on his back, with hands straight legs as close as possible to the middle.
2. O leg. Walking is like riding a horse.
Symmetrical varus knees on both sides of the baby can usually be observed before the age of 2, mostly physiological O-legs, which gradually disappear as the baby develops. But if it’s asymmetrical or angular, or if it doesn’t improve with age, then the mother should consider whether the baby is a “pathological O-leg”.
Hazards: long term calcium deficiency affects bone growth
Performance: Babies walk with their legs crossed and shaped like a bracket between their legs. This is a typical O-leg feature, suggesting a lack of calcium and vitamin D. If you belong to a more serious O leg, you can go to the hospital for orthopedic surgery.
Tips: calcium supplements for your baby. For breast-fed babies, calcium is sufficient; for artificially fed babies, 1-2 drops of concentrated cod liver oil are added daily after the full moon, and vitamin D is used to help the absorption of calcium in dairy products. In addition, do not let the baby stand too early, otherwise it is easy to bend the legs, resulting in future O type legs.
3, X leg, easy to wrestle.
When children grow up to one and a half to three years old, their legs gradually develop into valgus. When their feet are together, they can’t stand steadily. Their knees are buckled inward and they look like X-legs.
Harm: calcium deficiency, do not love sports not long
Performance: some children stand together straight legs, legs appear “X” type. This leg type child usually walks with a thigh and is prone to fall when running or walking.
Suggestions: On the one hand, parents should give their children calcium and vitamin D supplements in time; on the other hand, to actively urge children to strengthen physical exercise, you can also help him massage the inner leg muscles.
At the beginning of learning to walk, all babies are bound to stumble. In general, it takes about 3-6 months to control your baby’s pace. But if the baby grows and matures, it’s easy to fall if you walk.
Hazards: falls, bruised skin, bone development problems
Performance: Babies begin to stumble because their muscles are not strong enough and their balance has not been well developed. But if you find that your baby’s problems haven’t improved, mothers should pay more attention, which may be due to poor motor function.
Suggestions: Mom may as well strengthen the baby’s leg muscle exercise, more baby to participate in outdoor activities. If you find that the baby’s condition has not improved, it is recommended to first go to the hospital neurology department for examination, if not such problems, should go to pediatric surgery or orthopaedic examination is a skeletal problem, such as Achilles tendon short, once found, to give the baby early treatment and correction.
5, “duck step”
If you find a baby walking like a duck, its legs move slowly and drag along. That’s probably because the baby has flat feet.
Harm: flat foot affects long and high speed
Performance: It’s normal for preschool children to have flat feet because they don’t have enough muscles on the soles of their feet. In the future, the baby will naturally form an arc on the sole of the foot. So this “duck step” situation will gradually disappear as the baby grows. But if the baby’s “duck step” is due to his low muscle tone, it is a neuromotor disorder, should be timely medical examination.
Tip: Parents can give their baby more practice pedaling three-wheeled or two-wheeled rickshaw, so that the baby’s plantar curve can be formed faster. In general, 95% of babies will naturally radiate their feet before the age of 5, and flat feet will disappear. If the baby is around 6 years old, the duck step still does not improve, so it should go to the hospital for examination and treatment.
Baby just learn to walk, do not know how to control the strength and direction of both feet, just start walking is normal, parents do not have to worry too much, pay attention to observation. If you find something wrong, go to the hospital in time to diagnose and seize the best treatment time.