Newly born babies, all skills are slowly awakening stage, especially the baby’s vision! The baby’s vision development is a gradual process, I sorted out the 0-6 year-old babies’vision development indicators, Baomao can promote the baby’s vision development according to the different characteristics of different periods.
1-2 months: The baby’s vision tends to be near-sighted, and can only see things within 20 cm. Especially, he likes to see moving objects and familiar mother’s face. When an object is close to his eyes very quickly, he will have protective reflexes such as blinking, and can gaze for about 5 seconds.
3-4 months: By this time, the baby has been able to fix his sight and see objects about 75 cm away. The time of his gaze has obviously prolonged. He can simply chase after objects. He is sensitive to bright colors, especially red, and does not like to see dim colors.
5-6 months: The number of blinks increases, you can see the objects in front of you accurately, and you can reach out to grab and play with them. At this time, the baby’s vision can reach 0.1, able to look at distant objects, such as street people, vehicles and so on.
7-8 months: Has been able to distinguish the object’s distance and space, like to find those suddenly missing toys. If a mother plays hide-and-seek with her baby, the baby will be very excited.
9-10 months: At this stage, most babies can crawl freely and move up and down visually. Smart babies can also distinguish the size, shape and speed of moving objects.
11-12 months: Visual depth perception begins to appear, which is actually a stereo perception. Visual acuity reached 0.2 at 12 months.
1-2 years old: At this stage, babies like reading books, can distinguish objects and imitate actions. By the age of one and a half, the vision can reach 0.4, you can see small things such as crawling insects, mosquitoes, can gaze at small toys 3 meters away. It can also distinguish simple shapes, such as circles, triangles and squares.
2-5 years old: The concept of space has come into being. At this time, the development of binocular vision is the most vigorous. Visual acuity is about 0.5-0.6, which has gradually approached adult vision. Visual acuity is about 1.0 until the age of five. Various physiological reflexes of the eye have been formed and tended to be stable.
Six years old: Adult vision at the age of six or seven. Stereoscopic vision is normal until the age of 9.
Ways to promote visual development
0-6 months: black-and-white period
Newborn babies can only see light and shadows. They can see their mother’s face when they are breast-feeding. They can’t see far away. Babies have three-color vision when they are 3 months old, but at this time they are most interested in the contrast of strong black and white, especially the black and white pattern, so it is better to put some toys with black and white contrast in front of the baby’s eyes 20-38 centimeters to stimulate their visual development.
6-12 months: colour period
This is a critical period in the development of babies’ability to distinguish the nuances of objects, when they need images and toys with contrasting colors.
1-3 years old: three-dimensional period
Babies can walk upright and begin to know more about the three-dimensional space of distance, front, back, left and right. At this time, parents can prepare some 3D toys for their babies, guide their babies to transform their vision from two-dimensional to three-dimensional, and stimulate their imagination. For example, a variety of building blocks with several inserts and mosaic toys are helpful to their babies’vision and intellectual development.
3-6 years old: space period
Through vision, the baby can judge the spatial concepts of object size, up and down, inside and outside, front and back, far and near. At this time, parents should use games to develop their babies’spatial visual abilities, such as walking mazes, identifying various signs, national flags, learning maps, and finding differences. At the same time, they should let their babies learn to use oil sticks, brushes, rubber mud and other painting training to combine visual intelligence and aesthetic education.