Because the baby’s body is weak, the most common illness of the baby may be a cold and fever. Every time the baby is taken to the hospital when he is ill, the doctor always gives the baby a blood test first. Do you have any doubts? Why do we always need blood test? The purpose of blood test is to know the baby’s physical condition, when sick, the number of cells in the blood will change. We can use these changes to identify some causes, to distinguish whether viral infections and other diseases, timely and effective treatment.
Nevertheless, laboratory checklists in hospitals are always rows of painful English abbreviations and numbers. These are like heavenly books in the eyes of ordinary people. Now let me introduce how to interpret the blood routine test sheet, so that the next time mothers face it, they can be clear at a glance and have a good idea.
1. Red blood cell count (RBC)
Erythrocyte count, which refers to the number of red cells per unit volume of blood, is of great significance in suggesting diseases involving the erythrocyte system.
In the following cases, the number of red blood cells will increase.
Chronic pulmonary heart disease, congenital heart disease, emphysema and heart failure; polycythemia vera; severe dehydration and extensive burns; chronic carbon monoxide poisoning; renal cancer and adrenal tumors; drugs such as androgens and their derivatives, adrenocortical hormones, etc. can cause erythrocytosis. Alpine residents and newborns showed increased physiology.
In the following cases, the number of red blood cells decreases:
Various anemia: such as iron deficiency anemia, hemorrhagic anemia, malnutrition anemia, hemolytic anemia, aplastic anemia; anemia caused by infection, nephropathy, liver disease, gastrectomy, hemorrhagic diseases, hypothyroidism, leukemia and occupational poisoning caused by exposure to chemical substances such as aniline; massive hemorrhage caused by various causes (such as postpartum, post-operation) The hematopoietic function of bone marrow in the elderly was decreased.
Attachment: Reference value of normal range:
Neonates (6.0-7.0)x 1012/L.