Since April, hand, foot, and mouth disease has entered a period of increasing incidence. Experts from multiple provincial centers for disease control and prevention suggest that children, especially those under the age of 5, are at high risk. Kindergartens and parents of young children should take precautions.
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is an infectious disease caused by intestinal viruses, often occurring in infants and young children. It can cause herpes in the hands, feet, mouth, and other areas. In some patients, it can cause complications such as myocarditis, pulmonary edema, and sterile meningoencephalitis. It mostly occurs in preschool children, especially in the age group under 3 years old with the highest incidence rate.
Precautions for daily prevention of hand, foot, and mouth disease:
1. How can families prevent this disease?
Spring and summer are seasons when intestinal virus infections are prone to occur, and it is important to pay attention to environmental, food hygiene, and personal hygiene. Do not drink raw water or eat raw or cold food, wash hands before and after meals, and maintain indoor air circulation. Try not to take infants and young children to crowded places. Breastfeeding mothers should take frequent showers, change clothes frequently, and clean their nipples before breastfeeding.
2. How can kindergartens and nurseries prevent this disease?
Childcare institutions and other places where children live and study together should conduct morning physical examinations. If a child is found to have fever or rash, parents should immediately request the child to go to the hospital for treatment and report to relevant departments. Children should rest at home and should not continue to attend school.
After discovering children with fever or rash, immediately disinfect toys, bedding, tables and chairs, etc; At the same time, disinfect the cafeteria, bathroom, classroom, etc. Maintain ventilation and ventilation in activity areas such as classrooms and dormitories.
If caregivers, teachers, and other staff members are found to have fever accompanied by a rash, work should be immediately suspended.
3. How to prevent this disease in primary school?
Primary schools should conduct daily morning physical examinations. If a child is found to have a fever or rash, they should immediately request their parents to take them to the hospital for treatment and report to relevant departments. Sick students should not continue their studies and should rest at home.
After school teachers discover students with fever or rash, they should immediately disinfect bedding, tables and chairs, sports equipment, etc; Simultaneously disinfect classrooms, dormitories, canteens, toilets, etc. Maintain ventilation and ventilation in activity areas such as classrooms and dormitories.
Children undergoing home treatment should not come into contact with other children. Parents should promptly air or disinfect the children’s clothing, and disinfect the children’s feces in a timely manner; Mild illness children do not need to be hospitalized, and should be treated and rested at home to reduce cross infection.