Causes of baby malnutrition
1. Improper feeding: insufficient feeding for a long time, such as insufficient breast milk and failure to add supplementary food as soon as possible; artificial feeding, the quality and quantity of food can not meet the needs, such as excessive dilution of milk, or simply feeding with starch food; sudden weaning, the baby can not adapt to new food.
2. Poor eating habits: irregular diet, partial diet, rumination habit or nervous vomiting, etc.
3. Disease factors: diseases affect appetite, hinder the digestion, absorption and utilization of food, and increase the consumption of the body.
The common diseases easy to cause malnutrition are: persistent infantile diarrhea, chronic enteritis or dysentery, malabsorption syndrome caused by various enzyme deficiency, intestinal parasitic diseases, tuberculosis, measles, recurrent respiratory tract infection, chronic urinary tract infection, etc., some digestive tract congenital malformations (such as cleft lip, cleft palate, congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis or cardia relaxation) and severe congenital malformations Sex heart disease can cause feeding difficulty.
Some hereditary metabolic disorders and immunodeficiency diseases can also affect the digestion, absorption and utilization of food. Preterm birth and twins are easy to cause malnutrition, intrauterine infection, maternal disease or malnutrition, abnormal structure and function of placenta and umbilical cord can lead to fetal malnutrition and intrauterine growth retardation, which are the preconditions of infant malnutrition. Severe malnutrition is mostly caused by many factors.