In spring, many children love to have nosebleeds, and when parents see it, they are very nervous and at a loss. In fact, nosebleeds in children are not scary.
Children’s epistaxis mostly occur between the ages of 4-10, and over 90% of children’s epistaxis occur below the anterior septum. There is a vascular network composed of arterial and venous vessels below the anterior septum of the nose. The mucosa here is thin, and the veins do not have valves, which is medically known as the bleeding prone area of the nasal cavity. Due to its forward position, it is vulnerable to external force impact and can easily cause bleeding.
There are many causes of epistaxis, including local and systemic ones. Local causes include nasal trauma, vestibular inflammation, foreign body in the nasal cavity, and nasal hemangioma; Systemic causes include upper respiratory tract inflammation, aplastic anemia, thrombocytopenic purpura, liver cirrhosis, vitamin C deficiency, hemophilia, leukemia, etc.