1. Why do children have “growth pain”

Growth pain” refers to children’s pain around the knee joint or in the front of the lower leg. These parts have no history of trauma, normal activity and no redness, swelling and tenderness in local tissues. After the examination, the possibility of the child suffering from other diseases was ruled out, that is, it can be considered as “growth pain”.

At present, the causes of growth pain are not exactly introduced in textbooks, but the medical community generally believes that the occurrence of growth pain is due to the rapid growth of bones and the relatively slow growth of muscles and ligaments during the development of children. The uneven growth speed leads to the involvement of muscles and ligaments and pain. Unlike many parents think it is due to calcium deficiency.

2. Which age children are most prone to “growth pain”

In clinical practice, growth pain is more common in children aged 3 ~ 6 and 8 ~ 12, especially in children aged 3 ~ 6. But children of other ages will also have growth pain to some extent.

The common parts of “growth pain” are not fixed due to the special reasons of growth pain. Pain may occur in all parts of the lower limbs. The calf, thigh and knee fossa are the most prone to growth pain.

4. Which season is most prone to “growth pain”

Although spring is recognized as the season of growing tall, growth pain has nothing to do with seasonality. Growth pain can occur in all seasons of the year, and there is no particularly common occurrence in a certain season. If parents find that their children are prone to growth pain in spring and summer, it may be related to that the temperature in this season is suitable for their children to go out for activities. If their children still maintain high exercise intensity in winter, growth pain is also prone to occur.

5. What time of day do you usually have a sudden attack?

Different from other leg pain symptoms, growth pain often occurs at night or even midnight. The pain becomes obvious when the child is resting, but the pain is often not felt during activities. And it’s very likely that it hurts at night and doesn’t hurt at all when you wake up in the morning.

6. What are the manifestations of children with growth pain? Foreign studies have shown that when children with growth pain are asked about their condition, 38% of them will complain about their stomachache, 21% of them have headaches at the same time, and 21% of them have sleep disorders in varying degrees. Although these conditions do not belong to the category of growth pain, they are often accompanied by growth pain. After the growth pain disappears, these symptoms will also disappear.

7. How to alleviate the baby’s “growth pain”

After determining that the baby has “growth pain”, the doctor will prescribe some painkillers unless the pain is unbearable. In most cases, growth pain does not need special treatment. But there are some ways to relieve pain. Parents might as well know:

  1. Divert attention

Distraction is an effective way to let your baby ignore pain. Parents can use stories, games, toys and cartoons to attract their babies. Treat sick babies more gently and considerate than usual, because the encouragement and spiritual support of parents are the most important analgesic prescription for children, sometimes even more effective than drugs.

  2. Local hot compress and massage

Parents can use hot towels to massage or compress the baby’s painful parts, which can ease the child’s tension and relieve the discomfort caused by pain. When massaging, we must pay attention to the strength of kneading. Let the baby fall asleep under gentle touch.

  3. Reduce strenuous exercise

Growth pain is not a disease, and there is no need to limit the baby’s activities. However, if the pain is severe, you should pay attention to let the baby rest more, relax the muscles, and do not engage in violent activities.

  4. Supplement nutrients

Baobaoduo should be allowed to absorb nutrients that can promote the growth of cartilage tissue, such as milk, bones, walnuts and eggs, which contain elastin and collagen. Vitamin C is beneficial to collagen synthesis. It can make the baby eat more vegetables and fruits rich in VC, such as green vegetables, leeks, spinach, citrus, grapefruit and so on.

8. What are the diseases similar to “growth pain”

The occurrence of growth pain is mostly intermittent. If the baby’s pain is persistent, it is likely to be caused by other diseases. The following diseases are most likely to be mistaken for “growth pain”.

· fracture

Due to the child’s large amount of activity and immature bone development, it is easy to cause fractures. The 3-year-old baby is not quite able to express his feelings, so fracture is the most easily misdiagnosed item.

· malignant osteoma

Malignant osteoma, also known as bone cancer, may be related to heredity, radiation exposure, bone overgrowth, chronic inflammatory stimulation, special virus infection and poor blood reflux in bone.

· childhood leukemia

Leukemia is the most common malignant tumor in children. The reason why it is misjudged as growth pain is that the bone marrow expands and the periosteum is stretched, which causes bone pain, especially under the knee. It is often misjudged as arthritis.

· juvenile arthritis

9. How to judge whether the child has growth pain or other problems?

Growth pain is hard to judge. In fact, some more serious problems are sometimes mistaken for growth pain, so if your baby has unexplained pain, be sure to take him to a doctor.

The doctor will give the child many tests to determine whether the pain is caused by other problems. For example, leg pain may be a symptom of restless legs syndrome (RLS). Hand and foot pain is sometimes a symptom of some serious problems, such as infection, fracture, tumor, leukemia, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or other joint problems.

Some symptoms can help doctors diagnose. Growth pain usually lasts only about 10-15 minutes and acts on symmetrical parts of the body in the same way, but it does not necessarily occur at the same time. The pain is usually felt deep in the muscles, not in the joints. Growth pain does not cause fever, chills, redness, swelling, limping or joint pain.

The following symptoms may indicate a more serious problem for the child:

• the baby’s pain in a specific part is so severe that it wakes up at night. The doctor may take a film to determine whether it is a bone infection or tumor.

• in addition to leg pain, the baby also has a fever, but the cause of the fever is unknown and there are no symptoms like influenza. The doctor will ask him to have a blood test to check for infection.

• your baby has joint pain, difficulty moving, or red and swollen joints. The doctor will check what’s wrong with that joint.

• the baby has pain in one buttock, thigh or knee, or has difficulty putting body weight on one leg, or limps. The doctor may ask the baby to take an X-ray to make sure there is no problem with his bone.

• during the day, the baby will continue to have pain for several hours. In this case, you must take him to see a doctor.

10. Can’t children without growth pain grow tall?

Growth pain is a natural growth phenomenon, because children’s bones grow rapidly, while the growth of their surrounding nerves, tendons and muscles is relatively slow, resulting in traction pain. It doesn’t have much to do with how tall you are. Some people who have not experienced growth pain also grow very tall. Similarly, people with growth pain do not necessarily grow very tall.

11. Is the child suffering from growth pain calcium deficiency?

Children are likely to be short of calcium during growth. You can supplement calcium appropriately. But in terms of growth pain, calcium supplementation has nothing to do with growth pain. Children with sufficient calcium may also have growth pain. Calcium supplementation is not very helpful to alleviate growth pain.

12. Can you take painkillers to relieve growth pain?

Growth pain is a normal phenomenon. In fact, no measures need to be taken. You can also give your child some vitamin B1 and vitamin B6, which can nourish the nerves and relieve the pain of nerve traction, but it has little effect. It’s not necessary to take painkillers for children. The medicine is three parts of poison. Don’t use the medicine indiscriminately. Moreover, the pain is far from the point where you need to take medicine.

13. When a child has growth pain, do you want him to have more rest?

There is no need to limit the child’s activities, but if the pain is severe, you should pay attention to let him rest more, relax his muscles and do not engage in violent activities.

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