In the hot summer, when children play in the swimming pool, parents worry that their children are not only cramps and drowning, but also pay attention to the bacteria lurking in the water, they may cause children to catch a variety of diseases!
Conjunctivitis, also known as red eye disease, can be transmitted through public appliances, toiletries, water and other media. If the swimming pool is not thoroughly disinfected, as long as one person in the pool has conjunctivitis, the probability of cross-infection will greatly increase. Children infected with conjunctivitis bacteria, the general incubation period is 1 to 3 days, the onset of the disease often show red and swollen eyes, conjunctival congestion, tears, secretions increased, dare not open eyes and other symptoms.
1, choose a swimming pool: under normal circumstances, standing in the swimming pool pool can smell faint chlorine smell. If chlorine is added too much, it will produce pungent taste, and too few will not smell of chlorine. Parents are advised to choose a swimming pool with good sanitation, clear water and moderate chlorine taste.
2. Do not rub your eyes with your hands: If the chlorine content in the swimming pool water exceeds the standard, it will inevitably stimulate the skin and eyes, and children will rub their eyes with their hands unconsciously after swimming. In this case parents must immediately stop the child, at this time can use water to wash the eyes, to stop itching, but also can wait for the child to wash hands, gently press the eyelids to stop itching.
3. Wear appropriate goggles: Before parents take their children to swim, prepare a suitable pair of goggles for their children, and check whether there is leakage at home. Swimming goggles can reduce the contact between eyes and pool water, and effectively isolate bacteria. Please pay attention to children’s goggles do not lend to others, so as not to cross infection.
4. Point eye drops: Keep a bottle of chloramphenicol eye drops at home. If the children’s eyes feel uncomfortable after swimming, drop 1-2 drops after washing, and ask the children to blink constantly when dropping, so that the bacteria and germs in the eyes can be washed out, reducing the chance of infecting conjunctivitis.
Two. Otitis media and otitis externa
Bacteria entering the middle ear through the eustachian tube can cause otitis media. Otitis media and external auditory canal inflammation may occur when people swim, such as ear water intake, nasal choking and so on. Children’s eustachian tubes are immature, shorter and straighter than adults, and more susceptible to otitis media infection than adults. During the onset of otitis media, children suffer from ear pain, itching and pus.
1, do not swim sick: children with cold, stuffy nose and perforation of tympanic membrane are temporarily unsuitable for swimming. Before swimming should help children clean out the external auditory canal, but also to the hospital, ask the doctor to help remove cerumen, to avoid cerumen inflammation caused by bubbles. For children with Eustachian tube dysfunction (often tinnitus or stuffy ears), it is recommended to swim more out of the water to do some swallowing movements to help balance the pressure inside and outside the middle ear cavity.
2. Clean up the water in the ear: After swimming, wipe the remaining water in the child’s external ear canal with a clean cotton swab to dry, so as to avoid bacterial breeding caused by external ear canal inflammation. If there is more water left, the child’s head can be tilted to the side of the water, gently pulling the ear canal with the hand, straightening the ear canal, water will flow out. It can also make the side of the ear with water falling down, and the legs on the same side should jump a few legs in one place to shake the water out.
3. Proper treatment after choking: After choking, children can not hold both sides of the nostrils at the same time and blow their noses vigorously, so that bacteria or bacteria into the middle ear or sinuses. The right way to do this is to put your hand on the ear canal on the side of the water intake, plug your ears as tightly as possible, tilt your head to the same side, then move your hand away quickly, and the water will be sucked out. Wearing earplugs during swimming can prevent ears from coming into the water, thereby reducing the probability of infection.