In the structure of bones, there are 206 bones in adults and 350 bones in infants. Calcium is the essential nutrient to strengthen the bones of babies. But how much calcium does the baby need? The older infants need more calcium than the newborn; and the toddler should also strengthen the calcium intake to promote and strengthen the development of bone.

Whether the bones are normal or not has a significant impact on infants and adults. If calcium deficiency may cause: hypocalcemia (causing cardiovascular and nervous system disorders), lack of height, soft tooth disease (causing tooth calcium deficiency), rickets (causing abnormal bone displacement), muscle tonic contraction (causing muscle contraction out of control), osteoporosis (causing bone cavitations) and other diseases.

Provide basic materials for bones

Bone is composed of calcium phosphate and collagen, and a small amount of other proteins or inorganic salts. As bone metabolism continues, both bone matrix and structure are undergoing transformation. In these processes, including the synthesis and absorption of bone, we should provide sufficient basic materials for the synthesis of new bone.

Calcium in bone needs to be combined with phosphoric acid before it can be stored. If there is no phosphoric acid, the human body can not make good use of calcium. However, if the amount of phosphoric acid is too much, the calcium in bone will be lost together in order to deal with excess phosphoric acid. Therefore, the ideal ratio of calcium to phosphorus in the body is 1:2, and the ratio of calcium to phosphorus in blood is 1:1. However, the dietary survey shows that the calcium intake of modern people is still insufficient. It is recommended to take enough calcium, protein and vitamins. The intake of calcium should depend on the age and physiological status. It can be increased during the growth period, pregnancy and lactation period, and after menopause.

The main source of calcium is dairy products, such as milk or dairy products, cheese, and other green leafy vegetables such as legumes and pungent. Foods with high vitamin D content such as fish, cream, eggs, liver, and milk are also good for bone health. In addition, adequate intake of vitamin C is also conducive to the synthesis of collagen, which is also the main matrix component of bone.

Navigation in this article

Page 1: basic materials for bones page 2: calcium supplement

Page 3: fortified nutrients

Page 1: basic materials of bones

Page 2: calcium supplement

Page 3: fortified nutrients


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