During the first month of birth, the baby can hardly see the object, so most of the time it only uses its eyes to scan the face in front of him, which is why every time the baby looks at you, it is a glimpse, fleeting. But as the age of the month increases, babies will see more and more things.
Brain development and visual development of babies are closely linked. In the golden period of brain development, it is also important to stimulate the visual development of babies.
As for how to do it, mothers can seize the following four stages and stimulate them properly.
1, 0-6 months, “black-and-white period” excessive to the color world
Babies born within a month can only see light and shadows, but the brain can not deal with these vision, this stage of the baby like black and white and strong contrast patterns, the most favorite is the face;
For about 1-3 months, the baby can observe the face carefully and track moving objects, identify familiar objects and people in a certain focal length, and coordinate hand-eye movements; at this stage, the baby can put some black-and-white contrasting toys or cards at about 20-38 cm in front of his eyes.
The baby’s vision will be greatly improved in four months, when he can be shown new shapes, colors and objects.
2, 6-12 months, the understanding of color gradually enriched
It takes about 4 months for the baby’s visual range to gradually increase, and about 7 months for the baby’s visual acuity to be almost mature. Color recognition usually takes about 4 months to mature. In 4-7 months or so, it finally starts to recognize all the colors and shapes.
Babies at this stage can notice the nuances of objects and quickly follow the trajectory of moving objects. They can hang a bed bell on their baby’s crib and attract their eyes with various bright objects, which is a good way to stimulate visual development.
3, 1-3 years old, transformation from two-dimensional vision to three-dimensional vision
When the children can walk, they will have more knowledge of the three-dimensional space, such as up-down, front-back, left-right, far-near and so on. At this time, they can train their three-dimensional visual ability, prepare some 3D toys, and stimulate their imagination. For example, spliced building blocks and mosaic toys are good choices.
4, 3-6 years old, the sense of space becomes clearer and clearer
At this stage, children’s brain development has become more mature, thinking ability has become stronger, through the visual perspective, the concept of space is becoming clearer and clearer. Plays can be used to develop children’s spatial visual abilities, such as walking mazes, recognizing signs, learning maps, finding differences, etc. are good games. In addition, children can also start painting enlightenment.
Children’s vision also needs exercise to improve oh, proper training, early education, the improvement of vision and brain development are very helpful.