Long before I had a baby, I asked my husband a question: “If the baby was born, what gift would you give to ta?” My husband was an educator, and he answered, “Bookshelves!” He asked him why, he said, “Bookshelves can be used for a long time, at least not before primary school.” Of course, his answer was joking, but there was a reason for it.
In terms of educating children, we have reached an early consensus that we should cultivate children’s interest in reading from an early age. In other words, don’t think compulsively. We want reading to be a part of our children’s daily life.
There is no exact time when children can begin to read well, but it’s never too early or too late. So, as long as you start thinking about it, you can start at any time.
Dodo’s contact with books can be said to start from two months, but before the age of one, she mainly listened to books and started reading on her own. I remember that it started around one year old. I haven’t carefully calculated the books we read together, but now she has the habit of reading every day.
So how can children aged 0-3 develop their reading habits?
1, 0-6 months: mainly listening to books
At this time, the child can’t hold a book at all. You can only read some children’s books with rich rhythm and beautiful sentences in her ear. And three months ago, the child often read and read, the child on a spout of milk. Or when you’re still reading in exaggerated sentences to amuse her, she doesn’t know when she starts to feel sleepy and falls asleep after a few yawns.
But don’t be discouraged. Reading to your children at this time may not have any effect (even if you can’t see it), but for adults, you can develop the habit of accompanying your children to read.
2, 6-12 months: Books are toys
In the twinkling of an eye, the child was six months old. By this time, she would have grabbed things and played by herself, and began to be interested in colorful and exquisite books.
At first she would pick it up with great interest, look at it carefully, touch it with her hands, even bite it, but when she got tired of it, she would throw it aside and never touch it again. And when she found that her little hands began to become flexible, she began to like to tear books. With a “zi” sound, the cover of the book disappeared. After tearing it up, give you a sweet smile… So what do you do now?
Books in children’s eyes at this time are no different from toys in general, but they can be familiar with each other. Children will like toys as well as books. When you see a child tearing a book, you can take the following two measures:
1. Put away the paper books temporarily, buy some cloth books and cardboard books for her, tear them several times, and she has no motivation to tear them.
2. If a child wants to tear a paper book, immediately grab her hand and gently but firmly tell her, “Don’t tear a book! Books are for reading, not for tearing.” Finally, after strengthening N times, the child took the book and no longer tore it.
3, 12 months to 2 years old: from distraction to concentration
At about one year old, the child began to know that books could not be torn, but at this time the child’s attention was easily distracted, so that she could walk from the living room back to the room for a few short steps, in the middle of which she might be attracted by other things, and it was normal to be distracted in the process of reading.
Don’t hold your child in your arms and read books, which will make him hate reading. You can put the book where she can get it, so that when she thinks about it, she will take it and turn it over.
Choose a fixed time every day, pick up a book by yourself, look with relish, see interesting places, and say in surprise, “Wow! Piggy will wear his pants! Great!” At this time, children will generally come over with great interest to see how piggy wears his pants.** Children are gradually attracted by the content of books, will take the initiative to get into my arms, let me accompany her to read.
Slowly, from 30 seconds to 1 minute and 2 minutes at the beginning, the time spent focusing on books is getting longer and longer.
After 4 or 2 years old: I have my hobbies. You can’t interfere.
After 2 years of age, children begin to have their own preferences. When they see books they don’t like, they won’t like to read them. And the reason why she likes or hates a book may be unexpected.
For example, she likes “Three Pigs” very much because one of the pigs on the cover dresses is similar to that of her cousin, and she watches it for several nights** She doesn’t like “Good Moon, Good Night” because she feels that the face of the moon in the illustration is too big and a little scary.
When children begin to have their own preferences for books, they should listen to their voices and read only when they like them. If they don’t like them, they can put aside and wait until they are interested. In addition, at this time, you can accompany your children to go to the library or bookstore, let them read at will, see what they like and buy it again, so as to avoid buying it back before being put into the cold palace.
In addition, in the process of developing children’s reading habits, we should pay attention to the following issues:
1. The atmosphere is very important.
The atmosphere is very important for a child to develop the habit of reading. It can be said that accompanying a child to read before the age of one can only pave the way for the cultivation of her habit. If a child is reading and his family is watching TV and laughing around, he will surely put down his books and join the TV withdrawal team.
2. Don’t buy too many books at a time.
If you buy too many books at a time, the children will not know which one to read. The end result may be that they don’t read very well. Every book is a walking horse. It’s better for the child to finish reading one book and buy it when he wants to read the next one. As for buying too many new books at once, children will feel that books are very easy to get, and may not be so valued and cherished.
3. Reading should not be highly utilitarian
Accompanying children to read or letting them read should not be too utilitarian. Children must know how many words they have learned and be able to speak fluently about what they have learned. Accompanied reading is more parent-child activities, as long as the children and parents enjoy the process, do not like doing homework, this will only make children hate reading. If children realize the fun of reading, they will pester you to accompany them. You can’t get out of it if you want to.
Developing children’s reading habits is not a matter of overnight. It is unrealistic for a child to read independently because he is still young. Therefore, as parents of children, no matter how busy they are, they take regular time to read with their children every day, which is not only a good parent-child time, but also a habit of reading with their children from an early age.