When a new mother feeds her baby for the first time, she is always excited and nervous: Is the baby full? How does the baby vomit? Does the baby not like milk powder? If the new mother does not understand the rules of baby feeding, it will easily lead to overfeeding or nutrition can not keep up, which is really a meaningless harm to the baby’s health. So before you really feed your baby, you might as well know the next few common questions about newborn feeding.
1, are breastfed babies more likely to be hungry?
The newborn’s stomach is small, and breast milk is easily digested. Sometimes it gives the mother the illusion of “insufficient milk”. In fact, gastric emptying time varies with the type of food. For example, water emptying time is 1-1.5 hours, breast milk 2-3 hours, milk 3-4 hours, and the nutrients contained in breast milk are most easily digested and absorbed. Breast-fed babies are indeed hungry fast.
So if you insist on breastfeeding your baby, you have to work harder. Feeding intervals are shorter than milk powder feeding, and it is normal for babies to take milk every hour, which helps to improve the secretion of breast milk. In addition, the baby frequently finds nipple, not necessarily hungry. In addition to breast-feeding, there are many additional requirements for admission, which is an important part of the baby’s growth process.
2, newborn baby eat a little bit do not eat it?
Indeed. The first point mentioned above is that the stomach capacity of newborns is small. The stomach capacity of newborns is 30-35 ml, 100 ml at 3 months, 250 ml at 1 year old and 500-600 ml at 3 years old.
Therefore, when feeding the baby, the amount of milk and food should not be overfed and eat less meals every time. The best way to judge if a baby is not eating enough is to see whether the growth of height and weight is sustained or within the normal range.
3, newborn baby milk, normal?
It’s not easy for the baby to absorb a little milk, but it flows out from the small corner of the mouth and feels like “exhaustion of previous work”. In fact, in infancy, the muscles and elastic fibers of the esophageal wall are poorly developed, the stomach is horizontal, and the development of the cardiac sphincter at the junction of the esophagus and stomach is also imperfect. It’s easy to have galactorrhea and vomiting after feeding, especially after feeding. During the feeding process, the baby swallows more air.
Therefore, in order to avoid breast overflow and vomiting, usually after feeding, the baby will be held upright, let him lie on his mother’s shoulder, and then gently pat the child’s back, so that the swallowed air is discharged.
4, the stronger the formula, the better?
No breastfeeding, only artificial feeding or mixed feeding, some mothers are afraid that the baby’s nutrition is insufficient or not enough to eat, often mix the milk powder a little thicker, which is wrong. After food is absorbed in the intestine, most of the metabolic waste is discharged from the body through the kidney. However, the development and function of the kidney in infants and young children are still immature, and the ability to regulate the metabolism of nutrients is limited. If the osmotic pressure of food and the solute load of kidney are too high, it will cause vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration and other manifestations.
Therefore, when formulating milk for babies, we must strictly follow the instructions, not to increase nutrition and formulate too thick. In addition, fresh milk because of high protein and mineral content, will increase the kidney solute load, generally within 2 years of age do not let the baby eat.