When the baby was born, why did the little feet look strange? When it came to the toddler period, how could the baby walk? How could the baby’s feet be big and small In fact, most of the skeletal abnormalities in infants are benign skeletal problems, which can be cured naturally without special treatment after birth. But parents can’t take it lightly, because once they miss the golden age of treatment, they can only correct it through surgery.
The eighth week of pregnancy, the foot shaped
In theory, the spores of the foot usually appear after 4 weeks of fertilization, and form a rudiment after 8 weeks. One year olds have about half the size of their feet as adults. One to one-and-a-half-year-old baby’s feet grow fastest in one’s life.
Women’s feet are shaped when they are 12-14 years old, while men’s feet will not be completely shaped until they are 14-16 years old. Therefore, if children have foot bone abnormalities, treatment before 1 year old can get good results, and rarely cause sequelae.
Foot bone problems in 9 infants
Hallux valgus is very common in skeletal development of infants. According to statistics, 1-2 out of every 1000 infants have foot valgus at birth. The most obvious feature of hallux valgus is that the sole of the newborn is abnormally close to the calf. This is because when the fetus is in the mother’s uterus, the foot is pressed for a long time, resulting in calcaneal dorsiflexion and hallux valgus. It’s usually a matter of the posture of the foot, not the arrangement of the bones. After the feeling of squeezing disappears after birth, it will recover naturally. Generally, it will improve naturally within 2-3 months after birth. If there is no obvious improvement, you should send to the doctor for treatment as soon as possible.
Tips: if parents find that the baby has foot valgus problem, they can help the baby’s foot to return to normal as soon as possible through stretching massage under the guidance of the doctor. After massage, 90% of babies can recover naturally.
2. Toe flexion
After birth, the toe has abnormal bending phenomenon (most of them occur on the third or fourth toe of the newborn, with the phenomenon of bending and turning inward), most of them will not affect the foot, and will naturally improve in the process of growth. If there is a phenomenon of one toe over the other toe (usually occurs in the fifth toe), it is easy to affect the wearing of shoes, we must pay attention to whether it will cause friction discomfort when the baby wears shoes. In addition, slight toe bending does not worsen and does not affect daily life.
Tips: in order to avoid the problem of toes rubbing when wearing shoes in the future, doctors suggest that mothers use a small soft rope to fix the bent toes next to the adjacent toes to correct it. In addition, mothers can also massage to help the baby’s toes return to normal as soon as possible.
3. Internal rotation of great toe
This is a dynamic abnormality, mainly due to the overactive and tight muscle ligaments in infants, resulting in the deviation of the big toe from the other four toes. If the mother often gives appropriate massage, as the baby grows up, it will naturally recover. However, it is worth noting that even after correction, patients still have a great chance of hallux valgus when they grow up, and may feel uncomfortable when wearing shoes, but it will not affect walking.
4. Internal rotation of metatarsal bone
This is a common skeletal problem, mainly because the fetal foot is squeezed in the uterus, resulting in the forefoot position rotation. Generally speaking, this is a mild and benign skeletal abnormality, which can return to normal naturally without any deliberate treatment. However, 2% of these diseases are associated with acetabular dysplasia, which should not be taken lightly.
Tips: in infancy, a mother can massage to help her hamstring. The biggest difference with metatarsal varus is that the symptoms of patients with bone rotation are mild, the elasticity of metatarsal is better, and the chance of natural improvement is greater. However, the more serious cases still need to be corrected by surgery when they grow up.
Compared with other skeletal problems in infants, hallux valgus, toe flexion and big toe internal rotation are all benign foot problems, which can be naturally improved without special treatment, but the degree of improvement will be affected by individual physique. As for the causes, part of them are related to family history. In addition, even if it is detected by ultrasound during pregnancy, it is usually impossible to do active treatment, so as not to affect the mother and fetus.