Every mother seems to know that when a baby is born, various organs and tissues are not mature, such as brain, liver and gastrointestinal tract. However, some mothers know little about the baby’s skin, and even think that it is not much different from adults.
Seven key points of newborn skin care
Newborn skin delicate care to be careful
In fact, the baby’s skin, like other organs and tissues, is not fully developed and does not have many functions of adult skin. It will take at least three years for the baby to develop like an adult.
Therefore, the mother must be careful when taking care of them. Sometimes, if she is careless, it will cause a lot of trouble and bring great trouble to the life of the mother and the baby. So, what are the characteristics of the baby’s skin compared with adults, and how to take care of it?
Feature 1: the ratio of skin area to body weight is much larger than that of adults
The average surface area of infant skin is 2500 square centimeters, the average weight is 5 kilograms, the ratio of the two is 1:500; the average surface area of adult skin is 18000 square centimeters, the average weight is 65 kilograms, the ratio of the two is 1:270. Therefore, the same amount of lotion is absorbed more than adults, and the reaction to allergic substances or toxic substances is also much stronger.
When cleaning the baby’s skin, you should choose the more safe washing and care products, that is, the strict medical test has proved that the quality is pure and mild, and the ingredients are completely in line with the characteristics of the baby’s skin, which is very different from the adult products. It has no irritation to the baby’s skin and will not cause allergic reactions.
Feature 2: thin skin, easily damaged by friction
Infant’s skin is only one tenth of that of adult’s skin. The epidermis is a single layer of cells, while adult’s is a multi-layer of cells. There are few collagen fibers in dermis, so it lacks elasticity and is easy to be damaged by penetration and friction.
Care points: diapers and close fitting clothes should be made of cotton, soft and absorbent. After each use, they should be cleaned with weak alkaline baby soap; after bathing, they should be coated with delicate baby talcum powder without impurities on the whole body. In particular, wrinkles, which can effectively absorb moisture, while reducing friction, so as to prevent the occurrence of rash and diaper rash.
Feature 3: poor ability of skin to control acid and alkali
It’s important to protect the skin from infection by using this natural moisturizing film.
Care points: do not use alkaline detergent cleaning, so as not to damage the protective film, such as soap, alcohol and irritant ingredients. We should choose the lotion with neutral pH value, which can leave a natural protective film on the skin and retain moisture after cleaning.
Feature 4: thin pigmented layer of skin
Infant skin melanin production is very little, so the pigment layer is thin, it is easy to be burned by ultraviolet rays in the sun.
Care points: from infancy to avoid excessive exposure to the sun, especially strong sunlight. When it is necessary to go out, use high-quality baby sunscreen without irritation and organic chemical sunscreen for exposed skin.
Feature 5: weak skin thermoregulation
Sweat glands and blood vessels of the skin are still in development. When the ambient temperature rises, it controls the body temperature, so it is easy to produce heat rash.
Care points: do not give the baby too much to wear, often with a soft towel to wipe the baby’s body, and then use baby talcum powder to smear the skin. If your baby has heat rash, you should apply baby heat rash powder on the skin to help your baby get rid of heat rash and stop itching.
Feature 6: poor skin resistance
Because the immune system is not perfect, weak resistance, more prone to skin allergies, such as erythema, papules, blisters and so on.
Care points: when cleaning the baby’s skin, do not use soap and irritant shower gel, use mild baby lotion and moisturizing oil.
Feature 7: immature lacrimal gland
Because the lacrimal gland is not fully developed and blinks less, it can not secrete enough tears to protect the eyes and is often injured by irritants.
Care points: when bathing your baby, you should choose a tearless formula specially designed for the baby, 100% soap free shampoo or shampoo shower gel, so as not to hurt the baby’s eyes.
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