What is dehydration of babies?
Infant metabolism is very fast, several times as fast as adults, which means that infants tend to lose water. Now the heating conditions are good, indoor temperature is too high, and some parents are afraid of freezing their children, to the children wearing thick cotton clothes. In this case, it is easy for children to dehydrate. Generally, dehydration can be judged according to the clinical manifestations of anterior fontanel, orbital, skin elasticity, circulation and urine volume, and the degree of dehydration can be estimated.
1. Babies under the age of one year are generally not closed, so as long as the hand gently touched the front fontanel door of the baby, if the feeling is deeper concave, it means that the child is short of water.
2. Parents wash their fingers, but do not use soap, and then put the index finger into the baby’s mouth, if the baby’s saliva is dry and sticky, it means that the baby is short of water, at this time should be timely to add water to the baby.
3. If children often have night crying, restlessness, etc., in the exclusion of other reasons, should consider whether the child is short of water.
4, dehydrated children due to internal water.
Dehydration of the baby indicates that his body lacks moisture. Compared with adults, babies are more likely to dehydrate. Dehydration occurs when the baby loses a lot of water during vomiting, diarrhea, fever or sweating, and the water intake is not sufficient to replenish it. According to the severity of infant dehydration, it can be divided into easy to ease mild dehydration, moderate dehydration and life-threatening serious dehydration.
Dehydration symptoms of baby
If your baby shows any of the following signs, it indicates dehydration, or at least mild dehydration:
1. There was no urine for more than 6 hours.
2, urine dark yellow, strong smell;
3, sleepiness and lethargy;
4. Dry mouth and dry lips.
5, no tears when crying.
There may be serious signs of dehydration, including:
1, sunken eyes;
2, the hands and feet are cold and appear to be spotted.
3, unconsciousness, dizziness or abnormal excitement.
4, excessive lethargy or uneasy performance.
How do babies dehydrate?
If you notice these signs of mild dehydration, you must take immediate steps to prevent further aggravation of the baby’s dehydration. If you think your baby’s dehydration is serious, send him to the emergency room immediately, which may require transfusion.
If you are worried about your baby’s dehydration, but you think he is not dehydrated, you’d better take him to the hospital. The doctor may check the baby to make sure that he has no problem. If the doctor thinks the baby is dehydrated slightly, he will instruct you to drink a special liquid, called oral rehydration salts, to replenish the water and salt he has lost (that is, electrolytes).
Ordinary hospitals have special oral rehydration salts (ORS) for family therapy, which can be mixed with water or put into liquid food such as rice soup to help baby replenish water and salt. If the baby is dehydrated, it should be treated in the hospital according to the dehydration nature. Do not use sports drinks instead of salt solution. Although sports drinks do contain electrolytes, the sugar content is higher than that of rehydration salts.
While treating your baby’s dehydration, you should continue to breast feed your baby.
How to prevent baby dehydration
One important thing to prevent dehydration is to ensure that your baby gets plenty of fluids, especially when it’s hot or sick. You should stick to breast-feeding or formula, and if your baby is four months old, you can also give him some water to drink, about 110 ml a day before starting supplementary food; if you start supplementary food, the amount of water will increase.
If you give your baby juice, don’t add water by increasing the amount of juice, but you can dilute the juice into white water. That is, if your baby drinks about 85-110 ml of juice a day, you can dilute the juice with water to 170-220 ml.
Don’t drink carbonic drinks for your baby, because these drinks are bad for your baby’s teeth. In addition, remember that once the baby begins to dehydrate, his body electrolyte will be missing, this should be given to drink special oral rehydration salts solution to supplement, so as to change the baby’s dehydration phenomenon.
The following conditions are easy to cause dehydration, so when these conditions occur, you should pay special attention to prevent the baby from dehydration:
1, fever. As long as the baby has a fever, give him a lot of liquid. Can be milk, breast milk, boiled water, has been supplemented with food baby can also drink diluted juice, the principle is a small number of times. If your baby has difficulty swallowing, ask the doctor for possible reasons and see if he can help relieve the discomfort.
2, overheating. Too much activity in hot weather, or just staying in a poorly ventilated, stuffy room, can make the baby sweat and cause water loss. When the weather is hot, give the baby to drink more fluid than usual, which can prevent the baby from dehydration, to observe whether the baby’s water is sufficient to see whether his urine color is clear.
3. Diarrhea. If a baby suffers from intestinal diseases, especially acute gastroenteritis, the water in his body is lost in diarrhea and vomiting. In this case, do not drink juice to your baby, which may aggravate his condition. Don’t give your baby an over-the-counter antidiarrheal unless recommended by a doctor. If you think your baby may have started dehydrating, ask your doctor if you need to give him an oral rehydration saline solution.
4, vomiting. Viruses and intestinal infections cause vomiting. If your baby can’t swallow the liquid, it’s easy to dehydrate. You can try to milk or feed him a few times, and give him two teaspoons every 5 minutes. If he doesn’t vomit in 1 hours, he can give him 4 teaspoons every 15 minutes. If the baby’s dehydration is caused by vomiting, rehydration salts will play a very good role in replenishing water.
5, refusing to drink water. A sore throat or other illness, such as hand, foot and mouth disease, can make a baby feel painful and stop drinking water (or eating milk). Ask your doctor if you can give your baby acetaminophen (also known as paracetamol) or ibuprofen to relieve pain or discomfort, and then give your baby a small amount of breast milk, formula or water many times to prevent dehydration.