Bloody amniotic fluid

What is bloody amniotic fluid?

Normally, full-term pregnant amniotic fluid does not contain blood, but mixed with fetal skin exfoliated cells, sheath hair, hair and other small pieces, so amniotic fluid is mildly milky white and mixed with white floc. Then what is bloody amniotic fluid? The so-called blood amniotic fluid refers to amniotic fluid mixed with blood, placenta previa, placental abruption, incomplete rupture of the uterus, blood will infiltrate the uterine cavity mixed with amniotic fluid, can present blood amniotic fluid, and appear late pregnancy vaginal bleeding and other symptoms. Once pregnant women have bloody amniotic fluid, they should immediately find out the cause and take prompt measures.

Bloody amniotic fluid usually occurs in late pregnancy, and can be detected by B-mode ultrasonography. In the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, B-ultrasound can directly observe the depth of amniotic fluid, amniotic fluid cleanliness, which is the main method to determine whether there is blood in amniotic fluid.

Causes of bloody amniotic fluid

If amniotic fluid mixed with blood may be caused by placental abruption, placenta previa and some hemorrhagic diseases, it is recommended to timely find the cause of disease, symptomatic treatment.

1. Placenta previa: refers to 28 weeks after pregnancy, the placenta attaches to the lower uterine segment, or even the lower edge of the placenta reaches or covers the cervical orifice, its position is lower than the premature exposure. It is one of the causes of bleeding during the third trimester and causes the occurrence of bloody amniotic fluid.

2. Placental abruption: refers to 20 weeks after pregnancy or childbirth, normal placenta in the fetus before childbirth, part or all of the uterine wall peel off. Placental abruption can be manifested as vaginal bleeding, blood mixed into amniotic fluid, resulting in bloody amniotic fluid.

3. Umbilical cord vascular abnormalities: Usually the umbilical cord is in the middle or lateral position of the placenta, if in the placenta outside the membranes, the umbilical cord is vulnerable to compression, vascular rupture, resulting in blood amniotic fluid.

There are some blood amniotic fluid is not found out the cause, when the occurrence of blood amniotic fluid must be timely and effective treatment, such as the choice of termination of pregnancy, to minimize maternal and neonatal mortality.

The harm of bloody amniotic fluid

1, bloody amniotic fluid can cause fetal oxygen shortage. Blood in amniotic fluid will pollute amniotic fluid, resulting in amniotic fluid cleanliness, oxygen decline, easy to cause fetal anoxia and other conditions, extremely unfavorable to fetal growth and development.

2, bloody amniotic fluid causes fetal malformation. Blood-borne amniotic fluid appears in the second trimester of pregnancy, about 12 to 28 weeks, the fetus does not get enough oxygen in the uterus, the probability of deformity is extremely high. Therefore, mothers must pay attention to production inspection and check the hospital on time.

3, bloody amniotic fluid easily leads to fetal lung infection. Blood amniotic fluid appears in late pregnancy, childbirth, the fetus is easy to inhale blood amniotic fluid, susceptible to infection of the lungs of newborns, the baby has the risk of pneumonia.

Bloody amniotic fluid how to do

Amniotic fluid is an important environment for fetal gestation. If blood amniotic fluid appears during pregnancy, indicating that the fetus has been in danger, it should be quickly diagnosed and treated. If not properly handled, it can directly threaten the safety of mother and baby. In conclusion, the right and timely choice of termination of pregnancy can significantly reduce the maternal and child mortality.

1. In the course of labor, we should observe closely. Once abnormal fetal heart rate is found, we should do artificial rupture or amnioscopy as soon as possible to observe the characteristics of amniotic fluid.

2. If active rescue measures are taken, once fetal distress is relieved, the neonatal prognosis is good; if the cause of fetal distress persists, not timely relief will cause serious consequences of neonatal asphyxia. Some fetal distress after birth can be left with brain symptoms, cerebral palsy or some degree of mental retardation, so it is necessary to strengthen the diagnosis of fetal distress technology to improve, in order to achieve early detection, timely prevention and treatment to reduce stillbirth, neonatal mortality and the incidence of infant central nervous system sequelae.

How do neonate suck bloody amniotic fluid?

The occurrence of bloody amniotic fluid indicates the possibility of placental abruption, placenta previa and other conditions, should choose the appropriate time to actively terminate pregnancy. If the newborn is born, but inhaled bloody amniotic fluid, how should we deal with this situation? Is there any danger to newborns?

If it is blood amniotic fluid patients, in the newborn process of choking some amniotic fluid, may lead to pulmonary infection, lead to neonatal aspiration pneumonia, resulting in a series of complications. What happens if the newborn suck the bloody amniotic fluid?

1. If it is early, the doctor will promptly help the newborn to suck out the fluid of the respiratory tract, pat the back to suck sputum, keep breathing smoothly.

2. Positive anti-infective treatment will be carried out after the baby will generally be sent to the incubator to strengthen care and symptomatic treatment, such as attention to warm, fever when the application of antipyretics or physical cooling.

3. Try to let the baby lie on his side to sleep and observe when feeding. Don’t let the baby eat too fast to prevent choking milk.