After giving birth, the mother needs a period of rest and recovery. How long will it last?
Traditional puerperium refers to the first 30 days of postpartum as puerperium. But under normal circumstances, the period of physical, reproductive and psychological adjustment and recovery of the fetus and placenta after delivery is about 6-8 weeks, that is, 42-56 days. During this period, mothers should pay more attention to physical changes and recovery.
Physiological changes of puerperal mothers
1. General condition
Postpartum body temperature generally within the normal range, slightly increased on the first day of postpartum, but generally not more than 38 degrees Celsius. On the day after delivery, novice mothers can start breast-feeding; 3-4 days after delivery, breasts begin to fill up, blood vessels dilate, breast swelling and pain may occur, local skin fever, body temperature will rise in a short time, but the duration will not be too long.
2. Uterine Restoration
After delivery, the uterus contracted below the umbilical cord, and then gradually returned to the size of non-pregnancy. The floor of the uterus drops by an average of 1-2 centimeters per day. The uterus falls into the pelvic cavity 10 days after delivery. It takes 6 weeks for the uterus to return to its normal size.
Normally, within one week after delivery, the amount of lochia is relatively large, the color is bright red; by the second week, the amount of lochia is pale red, and gradually decreases; later, it gradually becomes pale yellow and white mucus. Clean around 3-4 weeks after delivery. Novice mothers should pay attention to the bloody smell of lochia, but not the odor.
4. Puerperal sweat
Postpartum sweating is a physiological phenomenon, mainly due to the exuberant excretion function of the skin, which accumulates water in the body during pregnancy and excretes most of it out of the body through the skin to maintain normal blood volume. Postpartum sweating is not an empty sweat, but a normal metabolic phenomenon, which is a manifestation of the recovery of body organs.
5. Constipation and dysuria
Puerperal constipation is also a common phenomenon, mostly associated with prolonged bed rest and less activity after delivery, resulting in slow intestinal peristalsis, prolonged retention of intestinal contents in the intestine, and difficulty in defecation due to absorption of water in feces.
In addition, some mothers’postpartum diet is too exquisite, dietary structure is unreasonable, lack of dietary fiber, etc., will also lead to constipation problems.
Postpartum dysuria is also one of the problems puzzling novice mothers. The main problem is that the head of the fetus oppresses the bladder for a long time during childbirth, and the abdominal pressure changes after childbirth, which makes the bladder weak in contraction and easy to cause dysuria.
2. How to make puerperium scientific?
Puerperal health care focuses on preventing postpartum hemorrhage and postpartum infection, guiding reasonable nutrition, and protecting the breast-feeding function of the puerpera, and restoring the normal physiological and labor ability of the puerpera.
1. Puerperium should be combined with work and rest
Postpartum rest and good health, but also to achieve the combination of work and rest, reasonable arrangement of work and rest time, to ensure adequate rest time, otherwise you will feel tired, anxious, depressive, but also affect the milk secretion. It can reduce the time of reading, watching TV and mobile phone, and take advantage of the rare time to rest.
Natural childbirth 24 hours after delivery can be free to exercise, and do postpartum health exercises, but to avoid long standing, squatting or heavy work, in order to prevent uterine prolapse. The cesarean section parturients are absolutely in bed within 6 hours after delivery. They can move beside the bed the next day and gradually increase their activity on the third or fourth day.
2. Postpartum life and environment
Maternal living environment should pay attention to air circulation. During puerperium, novice mothers should wear appropriate underwear should not be too tight. In addition, we should change clothes frequently and pay attention to cleanliness. No wound maternal third day can shower, but not recommended tub bath, in order to avoid dirty water into the vagina caused by infection.
3. Suggestions on Dietary Nutrition
During the first month after delivery, it is not recommended to eat too much high-fat and high-calorie soup, but to eat high-protein food appropriately, eat fresh vegetables and fruits appropriately, and avoid eating hot and cold food.