For some new mothers, it’s natural to have children after marriage, and there’s never been contraception. However, just after the birth of a baby, the house can not be as reckless as before, contraception is still necessary, or it may be pregnant during lactation. Which method of postpartum contraception should we choose? Take contraceptives? But there’s still milk to be fed! ___________ Safe contraception? But menstruation hasn’t returned to normal yet. Sheung Wan? Just give birth to a baby on the ring, so good? Which contraceptive method is better?
I. Taking contraceptives
The principle of breast-feeding contraception is that it does not affect the secretion of mother’s milk and the growth and development of baby, while drug contraception is taboo during breast-feeding. For breast-feeding mothers, taking contraceptives after childbirth is very harmful to their babies.
Contraceptive pills contain testosterone, progesterone and estrogen derivatives. When these substances enter the mother’s body, on the one hand, they inhibit the production of prolactin and reduce the secretion of milk. As a result, the milk secreted by the mother is not enough for the child to eat, which will affect the nutritional absorption of the baby. On the other hand, the effective ingredients in the contraceptive drugs will enter the baby with the milk. In vivo, it is not conducive to the growth and development of babies. If you have taken the contraceptive, don’t worry. At this time, you should drink more water, promote drug excretion, and stop breastfeeding for two days.
II. Contraception in Safe Period
Many mothers use the method of calculating the safe period before giving birth. In fact, this method of contraception is not feasible for postpartum mothers.
Safe-period contraception is a physiological contraceptive method, which only applies to couples with regular menstrual cycle, regular life, long-term cohabitation, mutual cooperation and understanding. For many new mothers, ovarian ovulation and menstrual recovery are not synchronized, when the menstrual cycle is irregular. At the same time, the arrival of the baby disrupts the original well-ordered life pattern, and the mother’s mood is unstable, which will also lead to the calculation error of the safety period.
Therefore, this method does not apply to new mothers, some new mothers have ovulation before menstruation, so during lactation, especially in the mid-lactation period, the time of contraception should be grasped. Premarital use of safe contraception, if postpartum menstruation does not appear late, it is best to use other contraceptive methods.
III. Contraception with IUD
Intrauterine device placement is now a more common method of contraception, but this method is somewhat impractical for new mothers.
During breast-feeding, the uterus wall is thin and soft, and it is easy to perforate when IUD is placed. In addition, the uterus during lactation is small, at this time need to put in the trumpet IUD, and after lactation, the uterus will become larger, relatively small IUD may fall to the lower part of the uterus, at this time will occur in uterine cavity with IUD pregnancy. Therefore, breast-feeding mothers are not suitable for the use of contraceptive devices.
If mothers really need to place birth control rings, the best time to do so depends on the mode of delivery. If it is spontaneous delivery, then the new mother can place the birth control ring three months after delivery, if it is cesarean section, it will wait until half a year after delivery.
IV. Contraception during lactation
After the baby is born, the mother enters the lactation period because the anterior pituitary gland secretes a large amount of prolactin, which relatively inhibits the formation of follicles and can not ovulate, and menstruation has not yet come. Therefore, some mothers will think that they are not pregnant without menstruation during breast-feeding period, so they use the method of prolonging breast-feeding period as a way of postpartum contraception, in fact, this view is wrong.
International studies have found that breast-feeding contraception should be completely breast-feeding in order to effectively contraceptive, otherwise the probability of contraceptive failure increased.
Five principles of complete breastfeeding:
1. Breastfeeding alone within 4-6 months after delivery;
2. When a mother or infant is ill, she must insist on breastfeeding.
3. When infants are hungry, they should breast-feed at any time during the day or at night.
4. Avoid giving baby bottles, rubber nipples or other imitation nipples;
5. When food needs to be added, breast-feeding should be followed by food.
If these standards are not met, breast-feeding contraception is not suitable.
For many mothers, especially those who have to work, these five requirements are very difficult to achieve. As long as it is not completely breast-feeding, the baby’s breast-feeding reduced, the secretion of prolactin will be reduced, at this time the mother’s follicles began to develop, although still in lactation, menstruation has not yet come, but in fact has begun to ovulate.
The recovery of postpartum menstrual cycle and ovarian ovulation function varies according to each person’s physical condition. Some mothers even ovulate 28 days after giving birth. Therefore, the use of prolonged breast-feeding contraception is very unreliable.
Appropriate methods of postpartum contraception
1. Male condom: This contraceptive measure is the preferred contraceptive method in lactation. This method is the simplest to use, but using this method of contraception requires Bao Da’s full cooperation. In order to wear the condom at the beginning of love, it is necessary to check whether there is a break in the condom beforehand, and exhaust the gas at the top of the condom, so as to ensure the effect.
2. External contraceptive film: This is a translucent soft film, which can kill sperm after dissolving. During each sexual intercourse, fold a film in half to the original size of 1/4, and push the middle two layers into the deep vagina with the middle and forefinger. You can also knead a film into a soft ball, with a finger into the vagina deep cervical mouth. After placement, the finger should withdraw immediately to avoid taking part of the film out. Put the medicine film in place, wait 5 minutes, dissolve the medicine film, and then do the shop.
3. Female Uterine Cap: It is wrapped in a bowl-shaped latex film on a spring-shaped metal ring. Buckling it on the cervix can prevent sperm from entering the uterus, avoid sperm and eggs encountering, and achieve the purpose of contraception. Take a semi-lying or semi-squatting position, slightly separated legs, left hand separated labia, right index finger, middle finger and thumb to pinch the uterine cap into strips into the vagina, the posterior margin into the posterior fornix, the anterior margin against the pubic concave to cover the cervix. Remove 8 to 12 hours after sexual intercourse. Mothers need to wear them before they love them. When they wear them, they don’t need to take medicines or injections. Long-term use has no effect on their health or sexual life.
If you are pregnant again soon after delivery, there is a certain risk for new mothers. Before you are ready to get pregnant again, your new mothers and dads need to have sex to do a good job of contraception. Don’t hurt the uterus or the body for a moment’s pleasure. Choose the right contraceptive method, love more carefree.
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