Breastfeeding is not a reliable postpartum contraceptive method. Moreover, some of the contraceptive methods used before after giving birth to a baby may no longer be suitable for you. So, how should postpartum contraception be done You also need to learn more about it, which will help you choose the most suitable contraceptive method for yourself.
1. Female fallopian tube ligation surgery: effectiveness – up to 99.9%
Advantages: This surgery removes a portion of the female fallopian tubes and ligates them, causing the egg to no longer meet the sperm. The surgery can be performed on the second day after giving birth to the baby. If the mother delivers by cesarean section, it can be performed simultaneously with the delivery.
Disadvantages: Tubal ligation is a permanent contraceptive method that should not be chosen if the mother still wants to maintain her fertility.
2. Male vas deferens resection: Effective degree – up to 99.9%
Advantages: This surgery involves removing a section of the vas deferens from the testicles to the penis. For couples who are willing to choose sterilization, this is a surgery with less trauma than tubal ligation. It only requires local anesthesia and can be performed in general outpatient departments, and the risk of complications is also relatively low.
Disadvantage: It is difficult to restore male reproductive ability through insemination. Contraceptive effects are generally achieved 6 weeks after surgery, and if there is sexual activity during this period, other contraceptive methods need to be used.
3. Contraceptive pills: effectiveness – up to 99.5% in optimal use
——Up to 95% in actual use
Advantages: Taking 13 contraceptive pills is the most popular contraceptive method among women in the West. It is not only a contraceptive method that can restore fertility at any time, but also has stable effects and can help women alleviate discomfort caused by excessive blood loss and menstrual pain during menstruation. The latest research shows that oral contraceptives can also reduce the risk of ovarian cancer.
Disadvantages: This method requires taking it every day, and cannot play a role in preventing sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS. Moreover, women who prefer smoking, have high blood pressure, or have poor heart function should not use this method because birth control pills can increase the risk of blood clotting and heart attack. Breastfeeding mothers taking oral contraceptives can inhibit the secretion of breast milk.