Postpartum “sexual well-being” life gradually returns to normal, but do you still have questions about how to take effective contraceptive measures? Usually when you do not ask any questions, the doctor will think that you have all the information you need to know; maybe she receives countless doubtful people like you every day and has no time for you. Deep conversation is often perfunctory. So, what contraceptive secrets do you not know?
Among women taking contraceptive measures, two-thirds found themselves “accidentally” pregnant because of incorrect use of contraceptive methods or improper coordination with their own lifestyle. In the actual operation process, contraceptive methods can not achieve 100% safety, nor can it prevent sexually transmitted diseases, but the following eight incomplete facts are likely to have a serious impact on your life.
Secret 1: Weight at work
For women aged 18-39, 60% of oral contraceptives may fail if they weigh 58 kg or more, especially those with low estrogen levels. Overweight women metabolize faster and need more hormones to prevent conception. Moreover, the contraceptive has a fat-soluble effect, which may be “dull” where fat is stored in the body, unable to reach the blood where it should be. If you weigh more than 58 kilograms, it’s better to ask your doctor to recommend other more reliable methods, such as intrauterine contraceptives, or the combination of contraceptives and condoms, to ensure that nothing goes wrong.
Secret 2: The most effective is the one that lasts forever.
In fact, there are quite a number of effective contraceptive methods that are not known to you, never imagined, and no one has recommended them to you. Curious? IUD is one of them. This is a small T-shaped contraceptive device placed in the uterus. It is made of flexible soft plastic and must be inserted into the body with the help of a doctor. Later, even if the egg has been fertilized, it will not grow in the uterus, as long as there is no abnormality, one or two years can be regardless, and will not add trouble to sexual intercourse, very convenient.
Generally speaking, today’s IUD is quite safe, only one brand called “Dalkson Shield” once deviated and “disappeared” from the market in the 1970s, but more or less affected the reputation of IUD. Although it is quite common in other countries, less than 1% of women choose to use it. This situation is not optimistic, because for monogamous families, IUD can not guarantee that you are not infected with sexually transmitted diseases, but it is indeed one of the most effective contraceptive measures. Once implanted, you can forget that it exists, not only without the hormonal side effects that other contraceptives may bring, but also with excellent results – only 1% failure rate per year.
IUD falls into two types, the latest being Mirena. As we all know, men ejaculate more than 100 million sperm, this vast army in the female genital tract race to swim, every minute can swim 2-3 mm, through the vagina, cervix, uterus and fallopian tube after four barriers, and date the eggs. Mirena’s principle is to release pregnancy hormone into the uterus, thickening cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to penetrate the mucus, and unable to continue to move up into the uterine cavity to meet the egg. It can be placed in human body for at least five years. The other is Paracard, made of copper. Sperm armies have traveled a long way, and after a week of persistent drug use, contraception began to swing its tail forward effectively. The coming trend is fierce. Many sperms surround an egg, digest its periphery zona pellucida, break through the cells surrounding the egg, dissolve the acidity between the cells, and open the way for the next sperm. The whole process of sperm-egg combination is fertilization.
Paracard’s strategy is to try to weaken sperm motility and protect eggs from fertilization. It can be placed in the body for at least 10 years. After removal, fertility returns to normal. If there are any drawbacks, it is that the uterus of the unproductive women is not soft, difficult to place, occasionally painful, but only in the first few months. Also, during menstruation, pain in the lower abdomen and waist may be slightly worse than before. IUD is undoubtedly the ideal choice if you have a regular sexual partner who has no history of STDs. However, the best IUD will fail because of incorrect placement or gynecological diseases. Women with a history of pelvic disease do not advocate the use of IUD, which may worsen bacterial infections.
Other unsuitable groups: those with gynecological diseases such as severe uterine flexion, endometritis, salpingitis, vaginitis, uterine fibroids, and those with excessive menstrual volume and secretions.
Correct operation: Doctor’s inspection judgment of applicability selection of shape selection of time (days after menstruation, not more than a week at the latest) doctor’s operation annual examination.
Secret 3: Hidden dangers of condoms
Most condoms are made of spermicidal nonnoxynol-9, which is not only ineffective in preventing sexually transmitted diseases, but may increase the risk of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases. Its working principle is to achieve the purpose of contraception by destroying the sperm cell membrane. In this process, the protective membrane of the vaginal edge may also be destroyed together. The U.S. Drug Administration believes that because of cell damage, the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) infection with condoms is increasing. It is considering placing warning labels on products containing spermicides.
Use properly in order to avoid the aftermath: pinch the tip of the finger in the top pocket, remove the air inside, if there is residual air, the top bulges up, may fall off halfway. Put it on the erect genitals and open the curly part in a circle. Don’t get involved in pubic hair. Don’t have wrinkles. It works better to wear it from the beginning of sexual intercourse. Pay attention to the treatment after use, pull out slowly according to the root, otherwise it may fall off in the vagina. If you do not leave your body temporarily after ejaculation, the male genitalia will shrink and there is a risk of sperm outflow.