It is a great success for mothers to conceive and give birth in October, but the real task has not yet ended. The post natal care of mothers is very important, especially after the perineum has experienced such a big project of production, mothers should take more care of it.
Causes of perineum infection
First, there are many bacteria living in vagina. Under normal conditions, these bacteria will not cause diseases of the body and keep balance with each other. After giving birth to a baby, there is more or less wound around the vaginal opening. If the wound is not very large, it will not cause infection of the perineum under normal conditions, because the blood supply of the perineum is sufficient, and the antibody in the blood can effectively kill the bacteria, so that the perineum will not be infected. The real cause of perineum infection is fourth degree laceration. There are a lot of bacteria living near the anal and rectal mucosa of the fourth degree laceration wound. If the laceration wound is too large, it is easy to cause infection.
Second, bacteria like to reproduce in the hematoma. If the hemostasis function of the wound is not complete or the coagulation function is not strong, it is easy to cause infection. In addition, when the perineum wound is sutured, the blood vessels are not completely ligated, and the perineum incision and suture operation can lead to perineum infection.
Third, the perineum will cause local congestion due to the compression of the baby’s head during delivery and the operation of midwifery, which will lead to infection in serious cases.
Fourth, the puerperal period of the maternal perineum will have lochia outflow, if not pay attention to the cleanliness of the vulva, it is easy to cause infection of the perineum.
Recovery time of perineum after delivery
The skin wound of perineum healed in about 1-2 weeks, while the deeper wound contained more delicate nerves, which took about 1 month to recover. It also takes about 3-6 weeks for the whole birth canal to recover to the elasticity and size before delivery.
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