The mother’s uterus is the baby’s protective bag. Autumn is coming, and it is also a special period of influenza. How to protect mother and baby from the epidemic of influenza is a top priority. Many mothers have misunderstandings about influenza and common cold, and they don’t know how to prevent influenza. This article will introduce it to you.
▎ cold vs flu, confused?
▷ common cold
Symptoms: early cold throat dry itching or burning sensation, sneezing, nasal congestion, runny nose, began to clear water like nasal discharge, 2 ~ 3 days after thickening, can be accompanied by sore throat.
Generally no fever and systemic symptoms, or only low fever, headache. If there is no concurrent bacterial infection, generally 5 ~ 7 days can be cured.
Treatment: you can buy cold medicine to relieve.
Symptoms: early manifestations of chills, fever, body temperature can be as high as 39 ℃ ~ 40 ℃, accompanied by headache, body aches, and often feel dry eyes, dry throat, mild sore throat.
Some patients will have runny nose, stuffy nose, dry cough, chest pain, nausea and other symptoms. Sometimes accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms, such as vomiting, diarrhea and so on.
Treatment: unauthorized use of cold medicine not only has no effect, need to see a doctor as soon as possible, otherwise it will delay treatment.
▎ how to take preventive measures to keep away from influenza?
Once you find someone at home with a cold, the pregnant mother must take protective measures.
Clothes isolation: the towel, clothes and bedding used by the patient should be separated from the pregnant mother’s clothes for cleaning, so as to prevent the influenza virus from attaching to the pregnant mother’s clothes and endangering the health of the pregnant mother.
Clothing sterilization: if pregnant mother has been in contact with influenza patients, wash hands with soap or hand sanitizer in time, and change into clean clothes.
Pay attention to keep warm: the temperature difference is big in autumn, and you will catch a cold if you don’t pay attention. Therefore, pregnant mother should pay attention to keep warm, prepare more clothes, and put them on immediately when it’s cold to guard against cold.
Drink plenty of water: during the outbreak of influenza, pregnant mothers should drink plenty of water to prevent influenza. If you don’t like to drink white water, you can add some light saline or oral rehydration salt appropriately. In addition, rice soup, honey water, apple juice, as long as it can replenish water can be.
Light diet: during the period of influenza, the diet should be light and nutritious, with proper amount of vitamins. You can eat more vegetables and fruits rich in vitamins, such as apples, oranges, kiwifruit, etc., to supplement vitamins for the body.
Indoor ventilation: during the flu season, indoor ventilation should be carried out frequently to reduce the virus concentration in the room, and attention should be paid to indoor ventilation even in winter.
Fumigation vinegar disinfection: acetic acid in a certain concentration does have disinfection, sterilization. When going outside, pregnant mothers can close the doors and windows, fumigate with vinegar, and then ventilate to ensure fresh air when they go home.
Indoor temperature and humidity: if the indoor temperature and humidity are low, the body will feel cold and the nasal mucosa will be dry, which increases the risk of cold. In autumn and winter, the best indoor temperature can be controlled at 18 ~ 20 ° C, and the relative humidity can be maintained at about 50 ~ 60%.
Foot soaking: in autumn and winter, the weather turns cold. Foot soaking is a good way to keep fit. When the feet are warm, the body is naturally warm. There are many acupoints on our feet. When we soak our feet, we can massage properly to promote blood circulation. When soaking feet, you should also pay attention to the water temperature, not too hot, and don’t soak for too long. Soak for 15-20 minutes.
Wear masks and gloves: influenza viruses are mostly transmitted through the air. Pregnant mothers can avoid direct contact with cold viruses when they are on the way to work, on the bus or in other public places. If you need to touch your nose or eyes, don’t use your hands directly. It’s best to use disposable tissue.
Wash your hands more: the first thing for pregnant mothers when they go home is to wash their hands, face and mouth to remove the virus they carry. It is suggested to gargle with light salt water, which can not only ensure the humidity of the mouth, but also have a certain bactericidal effect.
Avoid the places with large flow of people: avoid the places where people gather and try to have a rest at home, but it is not impossible to go out at all. Outdoor sports should be carried out appropriately to improve the body’s disease resistance.