It is a common sense that keeping a happy mood and having a positive emotional state is conducive to the healthy development of the fetus and baby. However, it is easy to know and difficult to do. During pregnancy, mothers to be will inevitably suffer from various kinds of discomfort such as pregnancy vomiting and hormone changes, resulting in emotional instability and even suffering from severe depression.
Therefore, mothers to be and their relatives should understand some factors that may lead to the emotional changes of expectant mothers, and adopt positive prevention and response measures to help them keep a good and happy mood and give birth to a healthy and intelligent baby.
Early pregnancy: active prevention of depression
In the first trimester of pregnancy, most of the expectant mothers will have reactions such as pregnancy vomiting. Their taste and smell will become very keen, and their appetite will change. In addition, the skin changes caused by the change of progesterone, the expectant mothers may become emotional and easy to be excited, anxious and suspicious. Once trapped in this kind of psychology, expectant mothers are more likely to worry too much about miscarriage and the development of their babies. They dare not and do not want to take activities every day. They rely too much on the baby to be or their family members. They become more nervous and even neurotic.
Generally speaking, 6-10 weeks of pregnancy, the hormone levels of mothers to be will change significantly, which will affect the brain to regulate the mood of neurotransmitters. Mothers to be are prone to anxiety and depression. Mothers to be should pay attention to their emotions, such as difficulty in concentration, poor sleep, easy to fatigue, extreme irritability, or persistent depression, inexplicable tears, tantrums, etc., should be alert to pregnancy depression. Especially if there is a family or personal history of depression, pregnant mothers should pay more attention to prevent the occurrence of depression.
Mothers to be and family members should be aware of this and know that these changes are caused by the special physiological and psychological state during pregnancy. They should try to help expectant mothers adjust their emotions and seek help from doctors when necessary, so as to move smoothly to the adaptation period.
Second trimester: develop regular living habits
After entering the second trimester of pregnancy, the expectant mother’s reaction such as vomiting will gradually disappear, the body has basically adapted to the state of pregnancy, and the body and mind will gradually get better. This is a time when the mother to be is in a stable mood and in a good mental state. It is also an important period for the growth of the fetus and baby. Mothers to be should try their best to develop regular and healthy living habits, arrange work, exercise and rest time reasonably every day, so as to combine work with rest. For example, expectant mothers can insist on practicing pregnant women’s yoga or gymnastics. These exercises are conducive to relaxation, natural childbirth and rapid recovery of body shape after childbirth.
In daily life, mothers to be can listen to soothing and gentle music, read some relaxed novels, enrich their spiritual life, maintain a happy mood, and do fetal education by the way. At the same time, the mother to be should not be too “homesick”. When she is in a low mood, she should talk to her best friends and friends. She can also go shopping and change her mood by changing the environment. Of course, the father to be is the key to affect their emotions, mothers to be should talk to their father to be more, exchange feelings. For example, if you choose to buy baby clothes, cribs, and decorate rooms for the baby, the relationship between husband and wife will be more harmonious, and we will look forward to the healthy growth of the baby.
Third trimester: reduce psychological burden and welcome delivery
In the third trimester of pregnancy, the abdomen of the mother to be will be bigger, the legs and feet may be edematous, and the activity will be more difficult, and the sleep will also be affected. At the same time, due to uterine compression will let expectant mother appear frequent urination or constipation. These can easily make the mother to be upset and irritable, and may become very worried because of a certain fear of childbirth. At this time, the mother to be especially in need of family care, especially the husband’s company and comfort.
At ordinary times, mothers to be can practice some actions that are conducive to childbirth, such as letting her husband or family walk with her, or sitting cross legged, which can help her relax and have more confidence in childbirth. If there is a pregnant mother at home, relatives should know more about the physical condition and psychological changes of the expectant mother during this period, comfort them in time and take good care of them. Expectant mothers themselves should also understand that these are natural physiological changes, reduce their psychological burden, understand some knowledge of childbirth, and overcome the difficulties in front of them with a positive attitude to welcome the birth of the baby.