In some cases, expectant mothers have to undergo caesarean section for the safety of their babies. Many expectant mothers are worried about scars after caesarean section. Here are some good ways to avoid scars:
1. Expectant mothers with scar constitution had better avoid caesarean section
Scar loves to patronize people with scar constitution. Even the smallest wound will leave obvious and exaggerated scars. So people with scar constitution had better avoid caesarean section.
2. Preparation before caesarean section
Once caesarean section is decided, nutrition should be strengthened before and after birth. Eat more fresh fruits, vegetables, eggs, milk, lean meat, meat skin and other foods rich in vitamin C, e and essential amino acids, which can promote blood circulation and improve epidermal metabolic function. Avoid spicy foods such as pepper, onion and garlic to prevent itching. Some chronic diseases, such as malnutrition, anemia, diabetes and so on, are not conducive to wound healing, but conducive to the generation of scars, and should be actively treated.
Clean the whole body thoroughly before operation and apply antibiotics prophylactically; After surgery, the dressing should be changed to keep the wound and the surrounding environment clean and dry, so as to avoid infection and hematoma and delay wound healing.
3. Protective measures after delivery
Avoid strenuous activities before and after stitching, and avoid overextension or lateral bending of the body; When resting, it is best to take a side lying and slightly bending position to rest, so as to reduce abdominal wall tension. Immediately after the stitching is removed, the dressing such as silicone elastic bandage or elastic mesh cover can be used for pressure bandage, which can effectively prevent the formation of scars. This is because continuous pressure can cause local hypoxia in the scar, thereby inhibiting the growth of the scar.
About two to three weeks after the scalpel scarring, the scar begins to proliferate. At this time, the local part is red, purple, hard, and protrudes from the skin surface. For about three months to half a year, the proliferation of fibrous tissue gradually stops, the scar gradually flattens and softens, and the color turns dark brown. At this time, the scar will appear painful and itchy. Especially when sweating heavily or the weather changes, it is often itchy to the extent that you have to scratch and see blood. Therefore, in scar patients, there is a saying that pain is tolerable and itchy.
The correct treatment is to apply some external drugs, such as furelaxed, triamcinolone, dexamethasone, etc. to relieve itching. Never scratch with your hands, or rub with clothes or scald with water. This will only aggravate local irritation, make connective tissue inflammatory reaction, and cause further itching.
In addition, do not uncover the scab on the knife edge too early, otherwise it will take away the epidermal cells that are still in the repair stage, or even tear off the dermal tissue, and stimulate the wound to itch. It is also necessary to avoid sunlight and prevent UV stimulation from forming pigmentation. Adopt physical therapy methods such as wax therapy and magnetic therapy to reduce scars.
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