Painless labor is “labor analgesia”. Various methods are adopted to reduce or even eliminate the pain during labor. Do you know about painless delivery? Next, experts from the global hospital network will introduce in detail the advantages and disadvantages of five common painless delivery methods.

The advantages and disadvantages of five painless delivery methods

1. Doula delivery is a highly respected delivery method. A woman or midwife with delivery experience and good communication skills will accompany the puerpera, explain the various processes of delivery, give psychological support and comfort to the puerpera, hint or encourage them to enhance their confidence, so that the puerpera can eliminate tension, and reduce labor pain.

Advantages: It has no side effects and is the most natural painless delivery method.

Disadvantages: The analgesic effect is relatively poor, and there are certain requirements for the psychological quality of the pregnant women.

2. Nitrous oxide inhalation method. Among them, nitrous oxide is nitrous oxide, which is a kind of inhaled anesthetic, colorless and sweet. It is the least toxic inhaled anesthetic, which has no irritation to the respiratory tract and no harm to the body. Generally, inhalation takes 30~45 seconds to produce analgesic effect.

Advantages: good analgesic effect, shorten labor process; The obvious effect is fast, the effect disappears quickly, and there is no accumulation effect; It has no side effects on both mothers and babies; It has sweet taste and does not stimulate respiratory tract. Easy to accept; Easy to use and learn.

Disadvantages: The analgesic effect is not as good as that of epidural anesthesia. It also needs to endure some labor pain, which is more suitable for mothers with fertility experience.

3. Intravenous or intramuscular injection of analgesics, such as dolantine, diazepam, piperidine, etc., all belong to this class of drugs, which can achieve the effect of labor analgesia by intramuscular or intravenous injection.

Advantages: It can effectively relieve pain.

Disadvantages: It will make the pregnant women drowsy, and the drugs will inevitably affect the health of the newborn baby.

4. Epidural anesthesia

Epidural anesthesia refers to the placement of a drug tube in the epidural cavity of the waist of the delivery mother. The concentration of anesthetic in the drug tube is only about 1/5 of that of cesarean section, so it is very safe. The pain begins to decrease after about 10 minutes of general anesthesia, which is the most commonly used analgesic method in most hospitals at present.

Advantages: It can greatly relieve the pain during delivery, and the expectant mother can walk freely on the ground.

Disadvantages: it will reduce the contractive function of the wall muscle, and some expectant mothers will also have the phenomenon of prolonged second stage of labor. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce the dosage when the mouth of the uterus is nearly open. There are very few complications of local anesthesia or spinal anesthesia in pregnant women.

5. Electric shock analgesia: TANS, HANS, that is, intermittent stimulation is sent to the epidermal nerve through the electrodes on the skin, thus blocking the transmission of pain signals to the brain, and achieving the analgesic effect.

Advantages: It is very convenient and can be used from the beginning of delivery. There are no side effects when aiming at mother and baby.

Disadvantages: The analgesic effect is relatively poor.

Although painless delivery is good, it is not suitable for everyone. Only after careful examination by obstetricians, gynecology and anesthesiologists can you know whether you can take this delivery method.


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