Four dreadful delivery operations
The mother who is preparing for childbirth must be worried about what kind of childbirth process she will go through? According to the specific circumstances of childbirth, general obstetricians and gynaecologists often use five kinds of childbirth operation to help the puerpera give birth smoothly
Operation 1, oxytocin induced labor
Oxytocin is used to activate and strengthen uterine contraction, as well as to prevent postpartum hemorrhage. If it is used correctly, it is very safe. Other medical intervention methods include artificial rupture of membrane, which is also used to strengthen uterine contraction in the process of labor.
There are also surgical midwives, such as fetal head aspirator or prenatal midwifery. These are the methods of medical intervention.
Like oxytocin induced labor, its advantage is that it can speed up the labor process, sometimes can avoid cesarean section. The disadvantage is the need for intravenous infusion, so the maternal activity is not very convenient.
Netizen: Excuse me due date arrived, do not have the symptom of childbirth, whether need oxytocin, use oxytocin to have what advantage and disadvantage?
Expert Zhou Liping: use oxytocin to see how doctors decide, because there are several methods of induced labor, oxytocin induced labor is only one of them.
Oxytocin induction of labor, this drug use method is correct, is very safe, but it has some contraindications, such as under what circumstances can not be used, such as your pelvis is abnormal, relative cephalopelvic disproportion, fetal intrauterine distress, in addition, there are some internal and external complications, there are uncoordinated uterine contraction, when this situation, we should be cautious Oxytocin. Intravenous drip of oxytocin is controlled by infusion pump. It is very safe to adjust the speed of oxytocin according to uterine contraction.
Operation 2. Aspiration of fetal head
Fetal head suction is to place the external mouth of the suction device on the exposed fetal head, and then use a syringe to suck out the air in the suction device to form a negative pressure area. Using the principle of negative pressure suction, suck the fetal head, cooperate with uterine contraction, and deliver the fetal head.
Harm: may cause the following injury: ① cervical and vaginal wall injury; ② neonatal skull fracture; ③ neonatal scalp injury, edema or hematoma; ④ neonatal intracranial hemorrhage.
The advantage is fetal distress, can end delivery as soon as possible. When the fetus is big and the parturient is exhausted, it can help the fetus to descend. Compared with forceps, the chance of soft birth canal injury is less. The chance of fetal birth injury is less than forceps. The operation is simple and easy to master.
The disadvantage is that there is certain damage to the human birth canal, sometimes it will cause neonatal birth injury, and it also needs local lateral incision and anesthesia. In occipitoposterior position, the fetal head cannot be rotated effectively. The attraction is less than forceps. May cause the child scalp injury. Improper use can cause intracranial injury!
Operation 3, forceps midwifery
When the uterine contraction is weak, the second stage of labor is prolonged; or the puerpera has some diseases, it is not suitable to use excessive force in the second stage of labor; or the fetus is lack of oxygen in the uterus, the doctor suggests using forceps to assist the delivery.
The forceps are divided into two leaves, between which a space similar to the shape of the fetal head is formed. Put the fetal head in the protection, so as not to squeeze the fetal head. The midwife holds the handle of forceps and gently pulls it outward to help deliver the fetal head.
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