When choosing painless delivery, almost every mother asks if anesthesia will affect the child. In fact, there is a very detailed study confirming that epidural analgesia and anesthesia are safe for pregnant women and fetuses. However, this requires accurate judgment, special techniques, corresponding preventive measures and treatment methods, as well as qualified and experienced anesthesiologists to operate. Throughout the delivery process, obstetricians and anesthesiologists need to jointly supervise and monitor the maternal and fetal conditions. Compared with commonly used analgesic methods in the past, the dosage of medication for childbirth analgesia is much smaller, so it is relatively safe. The dosage of anesthesia for painless delivery is only 1/10 or less of the amount used for cesarean section, so its anesthesia risk is even lower than that of cesarean section.

According to the American Association of Anesthesiologists, the maternal mortality rate caused by epidural anesthesia itself during cesarean section anesthesia and labor analgesia is 1.7:1000000. The complications of epidural labor analgesia include hypotension, headache, etc., which are generally mild, while serious life-threatening complications are relatively rare. Of course, although anesthesiologists will take measures to prevent and avoid various accidents, epidural technology is a complex treatment method, and anesthesia accidents may still occur. To correctly recognize the risks of painless childbirth. Pregnant women with contraindications to anesthesia such as abnormal coagulation function, drug allergies, and a history of lumbar trauma are not suitable for painless delivery.

The sensitivity of pregnant women to anesthetic drugs, past surgical history, proficiency of anesthesiologists, duration of anesthesia, and methods of anesthesia determine the effectiveness of painless delivery. Currently, only strong hospitals carry out this technology. Painless childbirth is a symbol of modern civilized obstetrics and a manifestation of human progress.

The following 5 situations are not suitable for painless delivery

1. Maternal subjective willingness to refuse epidural block.

2. Individuals with local or systemic infection through puncture.

3. The parturient suffers from coagulation dysfunction.

4. Patients who use anticoagulants.

5. Maternal and infant complications such as placental abruption, placenta previa, and fetal distress that are not suitable for painless delivery.


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