Recently, the birth of the first human genetically programmed baby has caused a stir. Although everyone hopes that the next generation can grow healthily, relying on such technological means is extremely frightening and thought-provoking.
Rather than relying on unpredictable and unpredictable means, it is better to adhere to eugenics and nurture, and strive to ensure the health of the next generation as much as possible. When it comes to eugenics, the first thing that many female sexual friends think of is preparation for pregnancy. Let’s discuss today, are you suitable for pregnancy?
Eugenics, the first step is to ensure a good reproductive foundation as the condition.
So, which people are not suitable for childbirth?
(1) Long term medication users with chronic diseases;
(2) Acute exacerbation of chronic nephritis, and those with acute nephritis syndrome in chronic nephritis;
(3) Acute nephritis cured or not cured, but the condition is stable for less than 3 years;
(4) Patients with acute or chronic renal dysfunction;
(5) Patients with moderate to severe heart disease;
(6) Tuberculosis, mental illness;
(7) Hepatitis B, hepatitis B virus carriers.
The above diseases are highly likely to be passed on to the next generation, so in order to ensure eugenics and prepare for pregnancy, friends should not be lazy. Before preparing for pregnancy, it is best to undergo another full body examination to ensure that the body is in its best state to begin preparing for pregnancy.
Premarital examination is an essential step before family planning. So, what are the main checks for pre marital checkups?
（1） Inquire medical history
1. Understand whether the two parties have a blood relationship and present their unit’s “marital status certificate”;
2. Understand the current and past medical history of both parties. If there are any sexually transmitted diseases, leprosy, mental illness, various infectious diseases, genetic diseases, important organ diseases, urogenital system diseases, and intellectual development;
3. Understand the personal history of both parties, inquire about work and living environments, smoking and drinking habits, etc. that may affect reproductive function;
4. The woman’s menstrual history and the man’s ejaculation status;
5. Family history of both parties, with a focus on inquiring about medical history related to genetics;
6. Those who remarry should inquire about their past marriage and childbirth history.
（2） Physical examination, including internal medicine examination, genital examination, and laboratory examination
1. Internal medicine examination refers to a comprehensive physical examination;
2. Genital examination aims to identify genital diseases that affect marriage and childbirth
For women undergoing abdominal and anal double examination, pay attention to the presence of hymen atresia, vaginal absence or atresia, uterine absence or underdevelopment, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, etc; When examining male genitalia, pay attention to the presence of phimosis, penile induration, short penis, hypospadias, cryptorchidism, testicular enlargement, varicocele, and hydrocele.
3. Laboratory examination, in addition to blood routine, urine routine, chest X-ray, liver function, and blood type, female vaginal secretions should be tested for trichomonas and mold, and if necessary, gonococcal smears should be performed; Male semen routine testing.
If necessary, an IQ test should also be conducted.
（3） Required items:
1. Statutory infectious diseases. Including AIDS, gonorrhea, syphilis, hepatitis B, etc. These diseases can be screened by blood sampling or smears;
2. Severe mental illness. Such as severe mania, schizophrenia, etc., these diseases may endanger the safety and physical health of others, and the psychological problems of patients can also cause many serious consequences. This type of disease requires diagnosis by a psychiatrist;
3. Reproductive system abnormalities. This type of disease directly affects fertility, and some diseases can be diagnosed by male and female doctors through the naked eye, while others require B-ultrasound examination;
4. Congenital genetic diseases. Such as albinism, primary epilepsy, chondrodysplasia, myotonic dystrophy, hereditary retinitis pigmentosa, etc. The screening of hereditary diseases requires chromosome testing.
5. Blood and urine routine tests
Premarital checkups are of great significance, not only beneficial for eugenics and improving the physical fitness of the whole population, but more importantly, they are also beneficial for the future happiness and happiness of family life.