In recent years, due to bad living habits, many women have irregular menstruation, which even affects pregnancy. Therefore, before preparing for pregnancy, girls need to adjust their menstruation status. Menstruation is affectionately called “menstruation” by girls. Why need to pay attention to “menstruation”, it has inextricable relationship with pregnancy.

▍ menarche age and pregnancy

Adolescent menarche is the performance of ovarian function. The average age of menarche is 13 years old. The age of menarche is related to nutrition, heredity and region. It is normal as long as it is between 12-15 years old.

If it is too early less than 11 years old, it is more likely to have polycystic ovary in the future. It is easy to start from puberty, irregular menstrual cycle, rare menstruation, difficult to conceive after adulthood, and easy to get metabolic diseases such as hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia after middle age. If it is too late, to 16-year-old menstruation without menarche, it is likely that ovarian and uterine dysplasia.

If there is no menstruation, it may be congenital absence of uterus, congenital ovarian dysfunction, etc. if not found and treated in time, then menstrual blood and cervical mucus will accumulate more and more, and gradually diffuse to the uterus, fallopian tube, and even abdominal cavity.

▍ menstrual cycle and pregnancy

Under normal circumstances, women’s menstruation is regular and periodic. The average menstrual cycle range of women is 28 days, and the cycle is normal between 21-35 days.

If the menstrual cycle is less than 21 days, it is often accompanied by luteal insufficiency, most of which will lead to premature decline of luteal phase, resulting in shorter menstrual cycle caused by obvious shortening of luteal phase. For a small number of normal ovulation, of course, does not affect conception; but most of the shorter cycle of women, often either the egg development is not good, and then the luteal function is insufficient, or the luteal premature aging, easy to cause abortion, thus affecting conception.

For menstrual cycle more than 35 days, it is because the egg development speed is slow, and it is not easy to grow into a full and sound quality egg; after the egg is discharged, it often continues the previous slow development speed, so the fertilized egg may make mistakes in the subsequent mitosis, resulting in the chromosomal abnormality of the embryo, thus causing abortion.

If women’s menstrual cycle changes, longer or shorter, although it is still relatively regular, but still need to pay attention. This may indicate that the reserve function of ovary is decreasing and infertility is easy to occur.

▍ dysmenorrhea and pregnancy

Dysmenorrhea is divided into primary and secondary.

1. Primary dysmenorrhea

After detailed clinical examination, no obvious abnormality of pelvic organs was found, and it was found shortly after menarche, which is called primary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea generally does not affect fertility, and after sexual life and childbirth will be reduced or disappear.

2. Secondary dysmenorrhea

If there is abnormal or obvious pathological changes in reproductive organs, there is no dysmenorrhea at menarche. After several years of menstruation, there is also dysmenorrhea, that is, secondary dysmenorrhea.

Secondary dysmenorrhea, due to the presence of abnormalities and pathological changes in the reproductive organs, generally affects fertility, such as endometriosis, chocolate cyst, adenomyosis, hysteromyoma, pelvic inflammation and so on, can cause secondary dysmenorrhea, which may lead to infertility, especially adenomyosis and endometriosis.

▍ amenorrhea and pregnancy

Amenorrhea is defined as amenorrhea when a woman is over 18 years old and has not menstruated for more than 3 months.

Menstruation from the future tide for primary amenorrhea, once stopped after menstruation for more than 3 months for secondary amenorrhea, whether primary amenorrhea, or secondary amenorrhea, is definitely infertility. Because do not come menstruation, have no oviposit almost, do not have egg eduction nature also impossibly conceive.

Menstruation is a good friend of women, so we should take good care of it. Taking good care of your good friend is the first step to have healthy ovaries, and also to prepare a comfortable hotbed for future Little Angels.

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