After pregnancy, the body will experience various kinds of discomfort, such as fatigue, nausea and frequent urination in early pregnancy, and even feel uncomfortable. It will be painful everywhere, such as breast distention, lumbago, sore throat and headache.
“I have a terrible headache. Don’t bother me!”
It seems like a common saying, but it is a lot of trouble for pregnant mothers. Headache is very common, but as long as a headache, it always makes the whole body feel powerless, affecting life and mood.
Headache can occur at any time during pregnancy, especially in early pregnancy. Early pregnancy headache may be accompanied by other discomforts, such as morning sickness, diarrhea, nausea, indigestion, etc.
The causes of headache during pregnancy are related to a series of changes in the body during pregnancy, the release of hormones in the body and the increase of blood volume. If the headache is severe, persistent and not alleviated, it may be the manifestation of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy.
There are many types of headache, of which migraine is common during pregnancy.
Migraine: Migraine attacks periodically, with one side headache and sometimes bilateral headache occurring within minutes. Before the occurrence, there may be blurred vision, flash, photophobia, emotional instability, and other symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.
Water shortage, mental stress, changes in sleep patterns, environmental changes, hormone changes and so on may lead to migraine, and changes in female hormone levels are an important inducement of migraine during pregnancy. In addition to migraine during pregnancy, it is also easy to occur before and after menstruation and menopause, which is related to the fluctuation of hormone levels.
The general way to treat headache is to rest more, drink more water, and take painkillers when necessary. So, for expectant mothers during pregnancy, what are the effective mitigation measures?
Ice compress. Ice compress on forehead and back of neck can relieve some symptoms. It can also be used to pat forehead with cold water or slightly hot water, or wrap warm water-soaked towels around the head, which can help constrict blood vessels and relieve headaches.
Drink water. Adults need to drink 1.5L~2L of water every day to keep their body fluids stable. Headaches during pregnancy need to ensure water intake and prevent dehydration.
Rest. The occurrence of headache is closely related to insufficient rest, insufficient sleep time and overwork. Rest can not only help relieve headache symptoms, but also help relieve stress. In addition, when sleeping, choose the appropriate pillow, relax the back, neck and shoulders;
Massage. Gently massage the head is also a good way to relieve headache. Don’t forget to massage the shoulder, neck and feet.
Meditation. Meditation, yoga, even proper exercise, breathing adjustment can also help relieve headaches.
If the above methods are still unable to relieve headache, drug treatment can be considered. For pregnant women, the first drug is acetaminophen, which is the safest analgesic and antipyretic drug during pregnancy. It is not recommended to use some folk prescriptions or other medicines at will during pregnancy. If necessary, medication should be under the guidance of a doctor.
If blood pressure is monitored during pregnancy and severe headache persists and does not alleviate, especially when visual acuity changes occur, timely medical treatment is necessary.