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Today, quaquack recommends something about “prevention and treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy”.
At this moment, you may be enjoying the joy of having a baby while worrying about the changes in your body. This kind of complex and tangled mood always appears from time to time during pregnancy. It’s only when you know more about yourself and your baby that you can know how to skillfully make peace with these negative emotions.
Guagua takes varicose veins as an example. When you hear the word, your first reaction may be “what kind of ghost is this?”. This lack of understanding is the source of your anxiety. When you understand it, you may not be so nervous. Next, let’s listen to quack to introduce varicose veins to you. Actually, varicose veins have a more popular name, which you may know as soon as you listen to it. That’s “earthworm leg”. If your legs feel sour, numb, distended, painful or even cramped, and the surface blood vessels are interlaced like an earthworm packing root, it means that you are likely to have varicose veins.
You may ask, is there any way to treat varicose veins? Of course there are. Wearing medical elastic socks is a common auxiliary treatment, which can help relieve symptoms. But if the symptoms are serious, such as increased discomfort, phlebitis, skin color deepening and so on, it needs surgery to help. Don’t think it’s terrible to hear the operation. Now many varicose operations will adopt minimally invasive treatment, which is economical, safe and does not affect the appearance. Of course, surgery is not recommended during pregnancy, which is a consideration only after giving birth to a baby.
Now, quack knows that you may be more interested in prevention. Proper walking, massaging the legs, or raising the legs slightly at rest are all good prevention methods. In addition, often eat some lean meat, seaweed, agaric and other foods rich in vitamin E, can also improve blood circulation, reduce the heavy feeling of the legs, to prevent varicose veins have a certain help.
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After a certain stage of pregnancy, many pregnant women find that their feet appear earthworm like tendons or spider web like purple filament like blood vessels, which is called varicose veins in medicine. What’s the matter with varicose veins during pregnancy? How to prevent varicose veins during pregnancy? Guagua selected two expert questions and answers about “varicose veins” from Gao Yu, director of Obstetrics Department of the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat sen University, hoping to help you. For the detailed content of expert interview, please check the topic: prevent varicose veins and control pregnancy weight (click the previous text to jump to the topic page)
Q: what types of pregnant women are prone to varicose veins?
Dr. Gao Yu answers:
During pregnancy, the estrogen and progesterone in pregnant women will increase, which will have the effect of compressing circulation, and may increase the tendency of varicose veins, but not all pregnant women will have this situation, generally common in the following pregnant women:
(1) obese pregnant women. It’s not obesity itself that causes varicose veins, but obesity can increase the body load of pregnant women. Because of the excessive accumulation of fat, the pressure on the abdominal cavity may increase. With the weight compression, the pregnant mother may reduce the activity, and the reflux is more easily blocked, thus increasing the trend of varicose veins.
(2) pregnant women who are too thin. This kind of pregnant mother’s skin elasticity is poor, and the elasticity of blood vessels is relatively poor.
(3) pregnant women standing for a long time. Some pregnant mothers need to stand for a long time in their daily work, such as doctors, operating room nurses, teachers, etc. they may stand for several hours at a time, and varicose veins are also easy to occur.
If pregnant women have varicose veins, it can be seen, such as the expansion of purple blue blood vessels in the lower limbs or perineum, which is generally not painful, but if there are too many blood vessels in the expansion place, it may cause the muscles on the skin surface to be easily ischemic and secondary fatigue. If not treated for a long time, the skin may suffer from anoxic necrosis, which is usually seen in surgical patients. Because of their poor system function, they may peep through blood vessels, and severe skin rashes and skin ulcers may appear in the surrounding skin. However, this situation rarely occurs during pregnancy, because the pregnancy is still relatively short-term.
Q: can elastic socks help prevent varicose veins?
Dr. Gao Yu answers:
For those at high risk of varicose veins, we generally recommend that these pregnant mothers wear elastic socks to prevent varicose veins. Elastic socks are also known as pressure socks to prevent blood clots. This kind of elastic socks is similar to the ones we usually wear in our pantyhose, but because they are beautiful, they are very thin and have little tension, but the tension of the elastic socks is very large. On the one hand, the elastic socks will be relatively thick, on the other hand, the elastic socks will increase some horizontal and vertical fibers, so that the surface of the varicose blood vessels can be well compressed, so that these varicose blood vessels are not too angry, and the blood flow can be better refluxed.
Of course, it’s also very important to choose the right elastic socks, from knee length to thigh length, so it’s necessary to choose according to the condition of blood vessels. Generally, it’s better to choose the elastic socks to thigh length, but because the elastic socks will be very tight, some pregnant mothers may not adapt. The selection of elastic socks varies from person to person. It is recommended to follow the doctor’s advice. Choose elastic socks to measure first, according to the calf circumference, thigh circumference and then choose the appropriate size, the best to moderate, not too tight or too loose. In addition, as for the time of wearing elastic socks, especially in summer, when the weather is hot, many pregnant mothers can’t stand it, so generally speaking, in order to prevent thrombosis, we suggest to wear them for six hours a day, which can be intermittent or continuous, and do not wear them when sleeping and lying flat at night.