Many pregnant mothers in the early or middle of pregnancy will realize that their breasts begin to undergo a series of changes. Including breast enlargement, areola enlargement and blackening, nipple blackening, breast tendon expansion, etc. Generally speaking, breast changes caused by pregnancy are normal physiological phenomena during pregnancy. These changes are actually preparations for childbirth and lactation. Next, I will explain to you the changes that will occur in the breast during pregnancy, so that expectant mothers can have a psychological preparation and calm down in the face of the pregnancy process.
※ breasts become larger and nipples become black
Breast enlargement is caused by the enlargement of breast tissue stimulated by progesterone. The breast begins to increase in the early stage of pregnancy, with obvious congestion, and the mother to be will feel breast swelling. The nipple will also be under the action of progesterone, and the peripheral sebaceous glands will become hypertrophic, forming scattered nodular bulges and become Monteggia nodules. After delivery, the color of nipples will gradually fade over time.
※ itchy nipples
Because the nipple increases after pregnancy, the skin around the nipple is pulled, and the blood flow of the breast and nipple increases, some expectant mothers will have the symptoms of nipple itching.
When the nipple is itchy, it is not recommended that the mother to be scratch it with her hand, for fear that the nipple will be stimulated and cause uterine contraction. To prevent nipple itch, it is suggested that mothers choose natural bra with pure cotton, gently wash with soft and weak liquid soap, and apply some natural milk containing vitamin E on the breast and nipple. This way can relieve the symptoms of nipple itch to a certain extent.
※ nipple depression
Some expectant mothers have short nipples, and even nipple depression occurs. Some of these expectant mothers may be very worried about the impact of breastfeeding after delivery. They will pull their nipples with their hands from time to time to make them longer. What I want to popularize science for you is that in fact, doing so does more harm than good. Because when you stimulate the nipple, it is easy to cause uterine contraction, which is unfavorable to the fetus and baby. In addition, when the baby eats breast milk, instead of sucking the nipple, it contains the nipple and the breast tissue under the areola into the mouth to form a “long pacifier”, and the nipple accounts for only 1 / 3 of the “pacifier”.
Therefore, expectant mothers with short or sunken nipples don’t have to worry. In fact, the baby is very smart. Even if the nipples are short or sunken, the baby can breastfeed with the correct way of breastfeeding.