After having a baby, due to the growth and development of the fetus and the increase of the uterus, there will be an increase in blood volume and the demand for iron.
Moreover, the influence of some physiological factors (vomiting in early pregnancy, loss of appetite, etc.) will make the hemoglobin in the blood relatively lower, or the intake of iron, folic acid, vitamins and other nutrients is insufficient, resulting in hemoglobin deficiency. Anemia occurs when the hemoglobin of pregnant women is lower than a certain value. The most common anemia during pregnancy is iron deficiency anemia.
Anemia during pregnancy is harmful to both the fetus and the pregnant mother. For example, anemia can cause insufficient nutrition supply for the fetus, slow the development of the fetus if it is light, premature delivery and fetal distress if it is serious.
Therefore, pregnant mothers to be must pay attention to the problem of anemia. So how do you know if you have anemia?
1. Anemia of pregnant women
During pregnancy, if the hemoglobin value of pregnant women is lower than 110g / L, it means anemia. Most pregnant women’s hemoglobin value will not be lower than 110g / L. Most pregnant women have no obvious symptoms under the condition of mild anemia. Only when they do blood tests, they are found to be in the state of anemia. When the hemoglobin value is below 60g / L, pregnant women will have symptoms such as dizziness, weakness, shortness of breath, vertigo and chest distress, which is called severe anemia.
2. How to prevent anemia during pregnancy?
1) balanced diet
Mild anemia should mainly be supplemented by food, such as animal liver, heart, kidney (kidney) and other foods with high iron content.
Food rich in iron: such as animal liver, blood tofu, lean meat, beans, etc.
Foods rich in water-soluble vitamins and folate: such as green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, oranges, radishes, celery, peaches, etc.
2) healthy lifestyle
Getting enough sleep, at least 8-9 hours a day, will give you a lot of energy during the day.
Exercise properly, but be careful when doing activities, such as standing slowly from crouching position to avoid postural hypotension. If you feel dizzy, sit down or lie down immediately to prevent falling.
3) drug treatment
If anemia is serious and can’t be corrected by diet alone, drugs are needed to treat it. For example, oral iron and folic acid can prevent congenital neural tube malformation and congenital heart disease.