With the development of medical knowledge and information dissemination, many pregnant and pregnant women will pay attention to their sugar intake. Many pregnant mothers also talk about sugar color change. Indeed, if pregnant women consume too much high-sugar foods such as candy, butter cakes, chocolate, high-starch foods, coupled with changes in their physical function after pregnancy, they are prone to obesity and even excessive blood sugar, which is what we call “gestational diabetes mellitus”, these pregnant mothers will be affected. Put the code name “sugar mom” on it.
In addition to harming the health of pregnant mothers, gestational diabetes mellitus can also cause the risk of fetal macrosomia and increase the risk of dystocia and postpartum hemorrhage. So there is a very important maternity test called “Glucose Tolerance Screening” in 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. This test is to detect the fasting blood glucose of pregnant women. After testing the fasting blood glucose value of pregnant women, the pregnant women drink 75 g of glucose with 300 ml of warm boiled water and take blood samples every hour to test the blood glucose value. The whole process needs to take blood three times (once fasting, 1 hour and 2 hours respectively). Once an hour. The purpose is to know as soon as possible whether the blood sugar and glucose tolerance of pregnant women are normal, so that doctors can take some interventions as soon as possible to prevent the harm of gestational diabetes to mothers and infants.
Many mothers who have undergone or have not undergone glucose tolerance screening are also fearful or worried about this maternity test program. Many pregnant mothers who have undergone examinations say that the process of examinations is rather arduous. They have to endure hunger on an empty stomach, dizziness and nausea after drinking sugar water. Even some pregnant mothers are afraid of drawing blood or fainting. They are afraid of drawing blood three times at first sight. This maternity test is very important and is an important means of screening for gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnant women. Therefore, pregnant mothers should be prepared to avoid re-examination because they do not meet the inspection conditions.
1. At least 12 hours on an empty stomach
In the week before the examination, it is recommended that pregnant women eat light diet. For high-sugar, high-calorie foods, it is recommended that the whole pregnancy should not be overconsumed, especially in the week before the examination, so as not to affect the results of blood sugar examination. On the day of the examination, the pregnant mother must have been fasting for at least 12 hours, that is, she should not eat after 8 o’clock in the evening before the examination, and she should drink some water appropriately.
2. Don’t drink all the sugar.
After the first blood was drawn on an empty stomach, the pregnant woman should not go to breakfast because she was hungry. It is necessary to drink 300 ml of glucose water provided by the hospital on an empty stomach. Generally, the hospital will configure it well in advance. The pregnant mother only needs to take a cup of sugar water to drink. Write down the time when you take the first sip. The sweetness of the sugar water is very high. If the mother drinks it up, she will choke or vomit easily. Therefore, we should pay attention to drinking the sugar water slowly, not in a hurry, but also in three minutes. Otherwise, it will affect the accuracy of the test results.
3. Sit still after drinking sugar water
After the mother drinks the sugar water, she should be careful not to walk around, so as to avoid dizziness and nausea caused by the sudden surge of blood sugar, which may lead to danger or increase the risk of re-examination. And if a pregnant woman walks around, she will actually consume some sugar because of exercise, so the results will be affected. The best way is to sit still, pay attention to the time point of 1 hour and 2 hours after the first sip of sugar water, and take blood at the right time. It must be noted that you can’t drink water while sitting still waiting for blood to be drawn.
If the pregnant woman vomits carelessly during the examination, the general doctor will ask for a re-examination every other day or at the prescribed examination time. The pregnant mother should be accompanied by her family when carrying out this examination. Only when some unfavorable conditions occur can the family find out and take care of them in time.
Although glucose tolerance screening is a hard work for pregnant mothers, many of them are very brave to insist on completing the screening. Here we must give you some praise for the brave and great pregnant mothers. I also hope that the pregnant mother who will be checked will refuel bravely and pass the checkup smoothly.