Late pregnancy is a critical period for expectant mothers, and the whole family is eagerly looking forward to the smooth birth of the baby. Because the third trimester of pregnancy is also the most vulnerable time for the baby, coupled with the rapid growth of the baby, the mother-to-be’s stomach is getting bigger and bigger, more inconvenient to move. The interweaving of various factors makes many mothers-to-be happy and expectant at the same time, it will also produce a lot of anxiety and worry.
At this time, expectant mothers to understand their own late pregnancy and baby changes in the law, do a good job of preparation, in order to relax the spirit of the baby successfully ushered in the birth.
Preparation 1: correct counting fetal movement
In general, every expectant mother will insist on regular production inspection. However, the doctor’s evaluation of the fetus is discontinuous after all, whether the baby is normal development, safe living in the mother’s uterus, or the mother-to-be their own perception and observation. Fetal movement is an important manifestation of fetal health.
Most babies move about 200 times a day after 20 weeks, and then gradually increase. By the 32 week, fetal movement may increase to more than 570 times. With the rapid growth of the baby, the womb of this “house” will become more and more narrow, the baby’s activity space will naturally be reduced. The frequency of fetal movement will appear to reduce the trend, generally, when the baby is full-term, only about 280 times a day of fetal movement.
Of course, there are individual differences in fetal numbers. This figure is not absolute. Expectant mothers start from the 22 week of pregnancy to develop the habit of counting fetal movements correctly, and always insist on delivery. At the same time, from 32 weeks, fetal heart monitoring is generally required. Mothers can choose a comfortable position to avoid supine position. If the baby does not want to move during the monitoring process, it is most likely to be asleep, the expectant mother to gently shake the abdomen to wake the baby Oh.
Many doctors recommend that expectant mothers in the third trimester keep a record of how many kicks a baby makes every day, or how different the gestures are. These are conducive to accurately determine the position of the baby in the uterus of the mother-to-be, determine the growth of the baby, and prepare for a smooth delivery.
Expectant mothers should observe when they are most active every day, and choose to count them at this time. When counting fetal movements, expectant mothers want to keep their emotions stable, can sit quietly, or lie down, counting the number of times the baby kicks and parts. By August of pregnancy, the baby will generally be fixed position, start head down, foot up, occasionally will kick the mother-to-be under the chest, the mother-to-be will feel obvious pain. Entering September of pregnancy, the baby’s hand and foot activities increased, more vigorous activities, expectant mothers will feel that fetal movement seems to spread throughout the abdomen. Near childbirth, the baby is almost full of the uterus, it is difficult to display skills, fetal movement will slow down. If the expectant mother can’t feel the baby kicking ten times in two hours, then don’t count, get the doctor ready to give birth!
Preparation two: accurate supplementary nutrition
In the third trimester, there will be some changes in expectant mothers’ appetite. In August, the baby grew rapidly. The expectant mother usually had a good appetite. At this time, expectant mothers should pay attention to prevent overnutrition and malnutrition at the same time, pay attention to “what to fill what is missing, how much to fill what is missing”.
In the third trimester of pregnancy, expectant mothers need to consume large amounts of glucose to supplement the need for rapid growth and glycogen and fat storage in the body. At the same time, the second trimester is the rapid development of the fetal brain and the need for abundant linoleic acid. Expectant mothers should supplement a certain amount of fatty acids, especially linoleic acid, can eat more sea fish to provide DHA for the baby.
Calcium, iron and vitamins are essential, and most of the calcium in the fetal baby is stored in the late pregnancy. Generally speaking, mothers-to-be consume 1,500 mg of calcium and 28 mg of iron a day to provide adequate nutrition for their babies. Mothers in the third trimester can eat more milk, fish and soy products, dried shrimps and animal liver. If mothers-to-be lack of water-soluble vitamins, especially thiamine, it is easy to cause vomiting, burnout, labor may be uterine inertia, resulting in delayed labor.
Generally speaking, expectant mothers in the third trimester of pregnancy should have a moderate diet, pay attention to the dietary structure, meat and vegetarian matching, thick and thin coordination, as far as possible to avoid high fat, high calorie diet. This can avoid fetal oversize, affecting natural childbirth. At the same time, attention should be paid to eating less salt to reduce edema and pregnancy induced hypertension syndrome.